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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Annan Plan for Cyprus Settlement
Record 115

Country :

Cyprus

Agreement Title/Name:
Annan Plan for Cyprus Settlement
Year :
2002
Date Signed :

21 November 2002

Summary :

UN proposed resolution for reunification of Cyprus. Implementation to require, firstly, signature by each leader of Turkisk and Greek Cyprus, agreeing to the main articles of the Foundation Agmt and the substance of the Annexes (including map delineating the boundary between the two sub-states); and commit themselves to put simultaneous referenda on the Foundation Agmt on March 30, 2003; Draft Constitution implementing the agmt is appended; and the leaders to sign a Treaty with Greece, Turkey, and the UK (the guarantors) on matters relating to the new state of affairs in Cyprus. The guarantors to establish a Mnitoring Committee, and further a 'Comprehensive Settlement of the Cyprus Problem' involving Cyprus accession to the EU. Finalisation of further technical matters could occur after agreement to EU accession and would not have to be put to simultaneous referenda.


Parties :
Kofi Annan, UNSG
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Cyprus to be reunified within a 'common state' consisting of two 'component states', one Greek Cypriot and one Turkish Cypriot. Cyprus to have own flag, anthem, passport. Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art. 3. All Cypriot citizens shall enjoy internal (component state) citizenship status and this status shall complement not replace Cypriot citizenship. A component state may exercise the political rights at its level to its internal (component state) citizenship status, and may limit the establishment of residence for persons not holding this status in accordance with this Agreement.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art. 5. common state government, to be bicameral, Head of State; Art. 7 these common state institutions shall evolve over the transitional period
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art.11. independent impartial Reconciliation Commission to promote understanding, tolerance, and mutual respect between Greek Cypriots and Turksih Cypriots. UNSG to appoint Commission members.
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art.4 fundamental rights and liberties- to be enshrined in the Constitution. Art.10 Property. Claims by property owners dispossessed by events prior to entry into force of this Agmt shall be resolved in a comprehensive manners in accordance with intl law, respect for individual HR of dispossessed owners and current users, and the principle of bi-zonality.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art.10 Property. Claims by property owners dispossessed by events prior to entry into force of this Agmt shall be resolved in a comprehensive manners in accordance with intl law, respect for individual HR of dispossessed owners and current users, and the principle of bi-zonality. 4. Property claims to be received and administered by independent impartial Property Board.
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
The Hellenic Republic, the Rep of Turkey, UK commit to sign together with Cyprus the appended Treaty on matters related to the new state of affairs in Cyprus, which shall be registered as an intl treaty. Annex A Foundation Agmt. Art.8 Demilitarization. (d). UN peacekeeping operation to monitor and promote compliance. (f) Monitoring Committee composed of the guarantor powers and chaired by UN. Appendix C. art.1. approving the Foundation Agmt, Art. 2 agreeing to establish Monitoring Committee on implementation of the Foundation Agmt. Appendix D. Matters to be Submitted to the UNSC for Decision. Incl. 3. decision to maintain a UN peacekeeping operation in Cyprus to monitor and verify compliance with the Agmt
International Community :
Foundation Agmt, art. 1 (4). accession to the EU to be included in simultaneous referenda. The Hellenic Republic, the Rep of Turkey, UK commit to sign together with Cyprus the appended Treaty on matters related to the new state of affairs in Cyprus, which shall be registered as an intl treaty. Appendix E. Request to the EU with respect to the Accession of Cyprus
UN Involvement :
Negotiations held under auspices of UNSG; UNSG 'Witness' to signing. Foundation Agmt art. 1(3) UNSG to certify results of finalization process and offer suggestions where necessary
Source :
http://www.tcea.org.uk/Annan-Plan-For-Cyprus-Settlement.htm


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