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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Framework Agreement on the Status of Western Sahara ('Baker I')
Record 116

Country :

Morocco/Western Sahara

Agreement Title/Name:
Framework Agreement on the Status of Western Sahara ('Baker I')
Year :
2001
Date Signed :

2001

Summary :

Proposal for autonomy of Western Sahara within Moroccon state proposed by James Baker, UNSG Personal Envoy. Proposal rejected by Algeria and Polisario, but accepted by Morocco.


Parties :
proposed by UN. Morocco and Frente Polisario to be parties.
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
1. population of Western Sahara, through their executive, legislative, and judicial bodies shall have exclusive competence over local governmental admin, territorial budget and taxation, law enforcement, international security, social welfare, culture, education, commerce, trasportation, agriculture, mining, fisheries and industry, environmental poicy, housing and urban development, water and electricity, roads and other basic infrastructure. 2. The Kingdom of Morocco to have exclusive competence over foreign relations, national security and external defence, weapons and the preservation of the territorial integrity against secessionist attempts whether from within or without the territory. In addition, the flag, currency, customs, postal and telecommunication systems of the kingdom shall be the same for Western Sahara. 5. Neither the Kingdom nor the executive, legislative or judicial bodies of the Authority of WS above may unilaterally change or abolish the stats of WS. Any changes or modifications of this agreement has to be approved by the Exec and the Assembly of WS. The status of WS will be submitted to a referedum of qualified voters on such date as the aprties hereto shall agreee, within the 5 year period following the initial actions to implement this agmt.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
3. in Western Sahara, executive authority to be vested in the executive elected by popular vote in Western Sahara for a term of 4 years (thereafter, exec to be elected by Western Sahara assembly).
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
4. All alses passed by the WS assembly and all decisiojs of the courts must repsect and comply with the constitution of the kingdom of Morocco, particularly with respect to the protection of public liberties.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
6. The UNSG will offer his mediation and good offices to assist the two parties hereto in the implmentation of interpreation of this agreement. 7. The parties agree to implement this agmt promptly an request the assistance of the UN to this end. 'Witnessed: In order to promote an agreed resolution of the dispute over Western Sahara, the Govts of France and the US hereby guarantee performance of this agmt by the parties hereto'.* [*neither country has committed to do this, but both have agreed to consider it, if it were necessary to achieve an agmt]
International Community :
Witnessed: Algeria and Mauritania; 'In order to promote an agreed resolution of the dispute over Western Sahara, the Govts of France and the US hereby guarantee performance of this agmt by the parties hereto'.* [*neither country has committed to do this, but both have agreed to consider it, if it were necessary to achieve an agmt]
UN Involvement :
Agmt proposed by James Baker, UNSG Personal Envoy; 6. The UNSG will offer his mediation and good offices to assist the two parties hereto in the implmentation of interpreation of this agreement. 7. The parties agree to implement this agmt promptly an request the assistance of the UN to this end. 3. Identification Commission of the UN Mission for the Referendum in WS to identify all those qualified to vote.
Source :
UN Doc S/2001/613


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