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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Ouagadougou Political Agreement
Record 119

Country :

Cote d'Ivoire

Agreement Title/Name:
Ouagadougou Political Agreement
Year :
2007
Date Signed :

4 March 2007

Summary :

Agreement deals at length with provision for general identification of the population as Ivorian or foreign, providing for mobile courts to determine and issuance of substitute birth certs, with a view to compiling definitive electoral roll for free and fair elections. Parties agree to merge forces to create united army, and establish Integrated Command Centre to that end. Parties agree to disarm their respective forces as soon as possible.


Parties :
Côte d?Ivoire (Laurent Gbagbo), Forces Nouvelles (Guillaume Soro),
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Preamble: parties reaffirmed ? Their commitment to respect the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of Côte d?Ivoire; ? Their respect for the Constitution; ? Their commitment to the Linas-Marcoussis, Accra and Pretoria Agreements; ? Their commitment to all United Nations resolutions on Côte d?Ivoire, particularly resolutions 1633 (2005) and 1721 (2006) of the Security Council;
Governance/Democratic Inst :
5.2. The Government of Transition shall work in a spirit of permanent consultation, complementarity and openness to the other political forces in Côte d?Ivoire to bring about national reunification, disarmament and the organization of open, transparent and democratic elections, as provided for in the various agreements and resolutions for overcoming the crisis.
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
6.3. Amnesty law In order to promote forgiveness and national reconciliation and to restore social cohesion and solidarity among Ivorians, the two Parties to the direct dialogue agree to extend the scope of the amnesty law passed in 2003. To this end, they have decided to adopt, by ordinance, a new amnesty law covering crimes and offences related to national security and arising from the conflict that shook Côte d?Ivoire and which were committed between 17 September 2000 and the date of entry into force of the present Agreement, with the exception of economic crimes, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
4.4. The National Police and Gendarmerie Forces, including the 600 members integrated pursuant to the Pretoria Agreement, shall be responsible for providing security for the entire prefectural corps and technical services deployed.
Refugees/Land :
6.5. Programme of assistance for the return of persons displaced by the war With a view to promoting national reconciliation and political and institutional normalization, the Parties to the direct dialogue agree to establish as early as possible a programme to provide assistance for the return of persons displaced by the war. This programme is intended to facilitate the social reintegration of individuals and families who abandoned their homes or their property on account of the war. The two Parties undertake to provide the relevant technical ministry with the resources necessary for the implementation of this programme.
Civil Society :
6.6.1. The Parties undertake to organize a vast information and public awareness campaign targeted to the population of Côte d?Ivoire to seek their full support for the peace and national reconciliation process. 6.6.5. The Parties pledge to refrain from any use of civil society and trade union organizations that is abusive and contrary to the spirit of the present Agreement.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
3.1. Parties agree to merge forces to create united army, and establish Integrated Command Centre to that end. VII. Follow-up and consultation mechanisms In order to ensure follow-up to this Agreement and continuation of the direct dialogue, the Parties agree to establish a permanent consultation mechanism (CPC) and an evaluation and monitoring committee (CEA), to include Mr. Blaise COMPAORE, current Chairman of ECOWAS, in his capacity as Facilitator. Similarly, 7.2., evaluation and monitoring committee. In fulfilment of its mandate, CEA shall report to CPC on the implementation of the Agreement and shall so advise the Special Representative of the Secretary- General of the United Nations.8.1. The Parties agree to refer to arbitration by the Facilitator any dispute that may arise from the interpretation or implementation of the present Agreement. 8.2. The Parties agree to request additional African troops to participate in the peacekeeping mission of the impartial forces in Côte d?Ivoire. 8.4. The present Agreement shall enter into force upon its signing by the Parties. The Parties agree to request the Facilitator, in his capacity as current Chairman of ECOWAS, to refer the present Agreement to the United Nations Security Council through the African Union for the purpose of ratification. Annex: Timetable for Implementation
International Community :
facilitator: Blaise Compaoré: President of Burkina Faso / Chairman of the Economic Community of West African States; 6.4. Sanctions The Parties to the present Agreement agree to request the African Union, through the intermediary of ECOWAS, to petition the United Nations Security Council for the immediate lifting of the personal sanctions in force against the actors in the Ivorian crisis. VII. the Parties agree to establish a permanent consultation mechanism (CPC) and an evaluation and monitoring committee (CEA), to include Mr. Blaise COMPAORE, current Chairman of ECOWAS, in his capacity as Facilitator. Similarly, 7.2., evaluation and monitoring committee. 8.2. The Parties agree to request additional African troops to participate in the peacekeeping mission of the impartial forces in Côte d?Ivoire. 8.4. The present Agreement shall enter into force upon its signing by the Parties. The Parties agree to request the Facilitator, in his capacity as current Chairman of ECOWAS, to refer the present Agreement to the United Nations Security Council through the African Union for the purpose of ratification.
UN Involvement :
direct talks were held within the framework of resolution 1721 (2006), adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 1 November 2006. 7.2. In fulfilment of its mandate, CEA (evaluation and monitoring committee) shall report to CPC (permanent consultation mechanism) on the implementation of the Agreement and shall so advise the Special Representative of the Secretary- General of the United Nations. 8.4. The present Agreement shall enter into force upon its signing by the Parties. The Parties agree to request the Facilitator, in his capacity as current Chairman of ECOWAS, to refer the present Agreement to the United Nations Security Council through the African Union for the purpose of ratification.
Source :
UN Doc S/2007/144


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