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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : 1997 Houston Declaration
Record 194

Country :

Morocco/Western Sahara

Agreement Title/Name:
1997 Houston Declaration
Year :
1997
Date Signed :

14-16 September 1997

Summary :

Parties agreed to comply with earlier commitments. Recognised role of UN in organising and conducting referendum and powers and authorities of the UN during the transitional period. Agreed that Special Representative of the Secretary-General would be authorised to issue regulations prohibiting behaviour that could interfere with the organisation and conduct of the referendum. Included a Code of Conduct for the Referendum Campaign in Western Sahara and a list of Practical Measures to be Taken for the Resumption of Identification.


Parties :
Morocco, Frente Polisario
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
2. the parties understand and agree that the UN is required by the settlement plan to conduct a referendum that is fair, free and transparent. They also understand that the UNSRSG will start the referendum campaign when he is satisfied that all such conditions are met. Parties agree Code of Conduct to govern referendum campaign: 1. sole and exclusive authority over all matters relating to the referendum shall be vested in the UN.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
1. parties agree to comply with their commitments as regards the prisoners and detainees
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
3. the UN to ensure that during the referendum campaign, there shall be complete freedom of speech and assembly, and of the press, as well as freedom of movement of personnel and property into, out of and within the Territory. Code of Conduct for referendum campaign: 4. both parties shall respect the right of all persons or groups of persons withsing to participate in campaign events and activities, expressly prohibiting any form of intimidation, incl. intimidation of persons seeking access to poling centres. 18. the SRSG shall have the responsibility of guaranteeing the freedom of movement and the security of the population. The two parties undertake to do their utmost to ensure respect for these rights.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
1. parties agree to comply with their commitments as regards the repatriation of refugees. Code of Conduct for referendum campaign: 4. apart from those returning under the auspices of UNHCR in accordance with the settlment plan, no party shall encourage, support or facilitate the transfer or movement of people in substantial numebr in to the Territory without the express authority of the UNSRSG.
Civil Society :
II. Code of Conduct. 4. parties to respect the right of all persons of groups of persons wishing to participate in campaign events and activities, expressly prohibiting any form of intimidation, incl. intimidation of persons seeking access to polling centres; 9. the two parties shall respect the right to participate in authorized political meetings, demonstrations, marches and rallies conducted as part of the referendum campaign on the part of all voters entitled to participate in the referendum.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Code of Conduct for referendum campaign: 4. apart from those returning under the auspices of UNHCR in accordance with the settlment plan, no party shall encourage, support or facilitate the transfer or movement of people in substantial numebr in to the Territory without the express authority of the UNSRSG. 2.the UNSRSG will start the referendum campaign when he is satisfied that the conditions are fair, free and transparent. 3. the UN to ensure that during the referendum campaign, there shall be complete freedom of speech and assembly, and of the press, as well as freedom of movement of personnel and property into, out of and within the Territory. 4. the SRSG shal be authorized to issue regulations prohibiting graft, fraud, intimidation and harassment which could interfere with the organization and conduct of a free and fair and transparent referendum, and shall likewise ensure that all parties have equal access to all telvision and radio facilities for the purpose of broadcasting their respective views on the referendum. UNSRSG to disseminate publicly ino about the referendum in order to inform all eligible voters about their rights and obligations. Code of Conduct 10. both parties shall permit reps of the itnl and lcoal press and independent observers duly accredited by the SR unrestricted access to all public political activities conducted during the referendum campaign and referendum. Parties shall respect the rights of official observers. 15. any complaint of intimidation to be investigated by MINURSO civilian police and the field office of the SR. 17. both parties shall cooperate with the SR in publicizing the Code of Conduct and in giving it the widest possible dissemination. 18. the SRSG shall have the responsibility of guaranteeing the freedom of movement and the security of the population. The two parties undertake to do their utmost to ensure respect for these rights. PRACTICAL MEASURES TO BE TAKEN FOR THE RESUMPTION OF IDENTIFICATION: 2. the Commission will confirm the timetable and the locations for identifcation, as well as the operational procedures for identification. 5. The OAU will be invited to observe in accordance with the settlement plan.
International Community :
PRACTICAL MEASURES TO BE TAKEN FOR THE RESUMPTION OF IDENTIFICATION: 5. The OAU will be invited to observe in accordance with the settlement plan.
UN Involvement :
2.the UNSRSG will start the referendum campaign when he is satisfied that the conditions are fair, free and transparent. 3. the UN to ensure that during the referendum campaign, there shall be complete freedom of speech and assembly, and of the press, as well as freedom of movement of personnel and property into, out of and within the Territory. 4. the SRSG shal be authorized to issue regulations prohibiting graft, fraud, intimidation and harassment which could interfere with the organization and conduct of a free and fair and transparent referendum, and shall likewise ensure that all parties have equal access to all telvision and radio facilities for the purpose of broadcasting their respective views on the referendum. UNSRSG to disseminate publicly ino about the referendum in order to inform all eligible voters about their rights and obligations. Parties agree Code of Conduct to govern referendum campaign: 1. sole and exclusive authority over all matters relating to the referendum shall be vested in the UN. 2. UNSRSG to set date for referendum. 4. apart from those returning under the auspices of UNHCR in accordance with the settlment plan, no party shall encourage, support or facilitate the transfer or movement of people in substantial numebr in to the Territory without the express authority of the UNSRSG. 6. MINURSO civilian police will authorize all rallies. 7. and ensure that competing rallies are not held nearby. 8. each party shall keep the SR aprised of all relevant information. 15. any complaint of intimidation to be investigated by MINURSO civilian police and the field office of the SR.
Source :
INCORE


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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