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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Addis Ababa Agreement concluded at the first session of the Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia
Record 222

Country :

Somalia

Agreement Title/Name:
Addis Ababa Agreement concluded at the first session of the Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia
Year :
1993
Date Signed :

27 March 1993

Summary :

An accord to end hostilities and agreed framework for progressing the process on: disarmament and security, rehab and reconstruction, restoration of property and settlement of disputes, and transitional mechanisms.


Parties :
Somali African Muki Org (SAMO), Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA), Somali Democratic Movement (SDM), Somali National Democratic Union (SNDU), Somali National Front (SNF), Somali National Union (SNU), Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), Southern Somali National Movement (SSNM), United Somali Congress (USC), United Somali Front (USF), United Somali Party (USP)
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
IV. Details transitional mechanisms for governance, which will last for two years, consisting of four basic transitional organs of authority: the Transitional Nartional Council (prime political authority, to appoint Transitional Charter Drafting Committee, establish an independent judiciary), Central Administrative Departments, Regional Councils (task of implementing humanitarian, social and economic programs, and an internationally supervised census, and to be responsible for law and order at the regional level), District Councils
Women :
IV. TNC to be composed of 3 reps from each of the 18 regions, including one woman from each region
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
IV.1.4. Transitional National Council to establish an independent judiciary;
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
V. Transitional Charter Drafting Committee to be guided by basic principles of UDHR and Somali traditional ethics
Judicial Reform :
IV.1.4. Transitional National Council to establish an independent judiciary;
Policing :
I.9. parties agree to establish an impartial National and Regional Somali Police Force in all regions of the country on an urgent basis through the reinstatement of the former Somali Police Force and recruitment and training of young Somalis from all regions, and request the assistance of the intl community in this regard
Refugees/Land :
III.2 parties affirm that all private or public properties that were illegally confiscated, robbed, stolen, seized, embezzled or taken by other fraudulent means must be returned to their rightful owners
Civil Society :
V. Conference agreed that the TNC shall appoint a 'Peace Delegation' composed of political movements and other social elements to travel to all parts of the country for the purpose of advancing the peace and reconciliation process as well as to explain the agreements reached in Addis Ababba
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
II. Deals with Rehabiliation and reconstruction, incl. intl assistance, e. parties commit to work with UNOSOM to secure safe environment for relief and rehab. Workers
Enforcement Mechanism :
I.3. UNITAF/UNOSOM to assist disarmament; I.6 UNITAF/UNOSOM urged to apply strong and effective sanctions against violators of ceasefire
International Community :
I.3. UNITAF/UNOSOM to assist disarmament; I.6 UNITAF/UNOSOM urged to apply strong and effective sanctions against violators of ceasefire; I.9 parties request assistance of intl community in recruitment and training of police force; II.c. thanks intl community for pledge of substantial humanitarian assistance, d. parties call on UNOSOM, aid agencies and intl donors to assist reconstruction; V. Conf. Calls upon the intl community and neighbouring states to faciliate reconciliation by providing moral and material support
UN Involvement :
I.3. UNITAF/UNOSOM to assist disarmament; I.6 UNITAF/UNOSOM urged to apply strong and effective sanctions against violators of ceasefire; II.e. parties commit to work with UNOSOM to secure safe environment for relief and rehab. Workers, and d. parties call on UNOSOM, aid agencies and intl donors to assist reconstruction; IV. Regional Councils to liaise with UNOSOM II, UN specialized agencies, and others; V. invotes UNSG and his SR to extend all necessary assistance for implementation
Source :
USIP


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