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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Ageement between the Govt of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Govt of the State of Eritrea
Record 227

Country :

Ethiopia/Eritrea

Agreement Title/Name:
Ageement between the Govt of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Govt of the State of Eritrea
Year :
2000
Date Signed :

12 December 2000

Summary :

Parties agree permanent cessation of hostilities; agree to a Boundary Commission


Parties :
Govt of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Govt of the State of Eritrea
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Article 4 Parties reaffirm their respect for the borders existing at independence as states in resolution AHG/Res. 16(1) adopted by the OAU summit in Cairo in 1964, and that they shall be determined on the basis of pertinent colonial treaties and applicable intl law; Boundary Commission established, parties agree its determination will be binding
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Article 2 release and repatriate all POWs, and all other persons detained as a result of the armed conflict
Victims :
Article 5 establishes a Claims Commission to compensate the civilian population for loss, damage or injury suffered during the armed conflict and result from violations of intl humanitarian law (incl. Geneva Conventions) or other violations of intl law.
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Article 3. Establishes independent impartial body appointed by the Secretary-General of the OAU, in consultation with the Secretary General of the UN and the two parties, to investigate incidents of 6 May 1998 and earlier which could have contributed to a misunderstanding between the parties regarding their common border; Article 4 establishes a Boundary Commission with a mandate to delimit and demarcate the colonial treaty border based on pertinent colonial treaties (1900,1902 and 1908) and applicable intl law, with out the power to make decisions ex aequo et bono, each party shall appoint of the five commissioners, neither of whom shall be nationals of that party's state, the fifth member to be selected by the party-appointed commissioners. Upon reaching its decision, the Commission shall arrange for expeditious demarcation. Article 5 establishes a Claims Commission to compensate the civilian population and govts for loss, damage or injury suffered during the armed conflict that result from violations of intl humanitarian law (incl. Geneva Conventions) or other violations of intl law, membership and powers on the same terms as the Boundary Commission
International Community :
Preamble reffirms the parties' acceptance of the OAU Framework Agreement and the Modalities for its Implementation (08/11/1998); Article 2 release and repatriate all POWs in cooperation with ICRC; the Commission shall adopt its own rules of procedure based on the 1992 Permanent Court of Arbitration Optional Rules for Arbitrating Disputes between two states.
UN Involvement :
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1177 (26/06/1998); Article 4 UN Cartographer to serve as Secretary of the Commission, parties request UN to facilitate the resolution of problemns which may arise due to the transfer of territory upon the Commission's determination; The commission may accept donations from the UN Trust Fund to defray its expenses; article 6 agreement registered with the Secretariat of the UN
Source :
USIP


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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