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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Agreement on Constitutional Reforms and the Electoral Regime
Record 269

Country :

Guatemala

Agreement Title/Name:
Agreement on Constitutional Reforms and the Electoral Regime
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

7 December 1996

Summary :

Government to place proposals for reform before Congress within 60 days of signing of the Agreement on a Firm and Lasting Peace. Main focus of proposals to be on the recognition of the identity and rights of indigenous peoples and the mandate and structure of the country?s security forces. Provision made for establishment of an Electoral Reform Commission to review the electoral process.


Parties :
Govt of Guatemala, URNG
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
4. provides for constitutional recognition of the identity of Maya, Garifuna and Xinca people and the need to define the Guatemalan state as one of national unity and being multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual in nature. Govt agrees to sponsor express constitutional recognition of and respect for 5. identity, 6. languages, 7. spirituality of Maya, Xinca and Garifuna peoples
Governance/Democratic Inst :
10. commitment to reformulate the whole conception of State organs and institutions with a view to strengthening democracy; 13. proposes term limits for deputies; II. Electoral Regime: parties commit to promote necessary legal and institutional reforms to increase citizen participation in the electoral process, incl. establishment of Electoral Reform Commission
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
15. govt commits to make necessary consitutional change to strengthen the judicial function; 17. govt to sponsor constitutional amendment on career judicial service regarding remuneration, system of appointment and promotion, training, and disciplinary procedures
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
4. provides for constitutional recognition of the identity of the Maya, Garifuna and Xinca peoples
Judicial Reform :
15. govt commits to make necessary consitutional change to strengthen the judicial function; 17. govt to sponsor constitutional amendment on career judicial service regarding remuneration, system of appointment and promotion, training, and disciplinary procedures
Policing :
19. sponsor constitutional amendments on national civil police
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Preamble refers to fact that agmt 'endorsed by the various groups represented in the Assembly of Civil Society'; II. 3. newly established Electoral Reform Commision to 'encourage an extensive pluralistic debate on the subject of Guatemala's electoral regime' before proposing reform
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
II.1. establish Electoral Reform Commission; III. UNSG asked to verify implementation
International Community :
UN Involvement :
signatory; UNSG to verify implementation
Source :
USIP


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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