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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Agreement on Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangements Implementation Modalities between the Govt of Sudan and the SPLM/SPLA during the pre-interim and interim periods
Record 276

Country :

Sudan

Agreement Title/Name:
Agreement on Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangements Implementation Modalities between the Govt of Sudan and the SPLM/SPLA during the pre-interim and interim periods
Year :
2004
Date Signed :

31 December 2004

Summary :

Agreement sets out implemenation modalities for ceasefire, reform of armed forces, prisoner release, humanitarian assistance and DDR, with significant intl involvement.


Parties :
Govt of Sudan, Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
24.8 provides for the DDR programme to be gender sensitive
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Part One, 1.8 parties commit to release immediately POWs, and 1.9 ICRC to be involved in the process of arranging the releases; Part Two 27.2 the parties agree that the issue of the release of all civil political detainees as part of the confidence building measures, national healing and reconciliation process shall be discussed on and dealt with within the discussions on the implementation modalities.
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Part Two, 22. policing issues and domestic security: provides for police to assist in the effective implementation of the Agreement, and recognizes the need for cooperation and coordination mechanism between the national police and other law enforcement agencies at all levels with regards to the implementation of this agreement
Refugees/Land :
Part One, 1.10 the parties commit to to render and faciliate humanitarian assistance through creation of conditions conducive to the provision of urgent humanitarian assistance to displaced persons, refugees and other affected persons and their right to return
Civil Society :
Part One, 1.3 states that 'the parties shall abide by good governance, democracy and foster civil society.'; Part Two, 24.3 provides for the DDR process to be sustained through cooperation and coordination with local NGOs; 24.8 provides for the DDR programme to encourage the participation of the communities and civil society orgs with the view to strengthening their capacities to play their role in improving and sustaining the social and economic integration of former combatants; 27.5. The parties shall call on civil society orgs to assist and faciliate the reconciliation process at grassroots levels.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Part One 1.9 ICRC to be involved in the process of arranging prisoner releases; Part One, 7. duration and calendar of major ceasefire activities; Part One, 8.6. establishes Ceasefire Joint Military Committee; 8.7. monitoring role of UN Advanced Mission in Sudan, subject by verification of the Verification and Monitoring Team and Joint Military Commission Nuba Mountains; 8.10 'The parties shall provide detailed data on their inventories and stocks including different weapons and munitions, fuel oil and lubricants, etc. and their exact locations to CJMC or the VMT in the ceasefire zone. Such inventories shall be verified immediately after the declaration of the ceasefire. The parties shall agree on ways and means of monitoring such stocks and/or stores to make sure that they are no longer accessible to the Parties.'; 10.2 in event of any violation to provisions of the Ageement, the CJMC will determine appropriate disciplinary measures; 13. establishes Ceasefire Political Commission (CPC), Ceasefire Joint Military Committee (CJMC), Area Joint Military Committee (AJMC), Joint Military Teams (JMT); 15.3 provides for UN to carry out intl monitoring
International Community :
Parties met under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Peace Process (IGAD Member States are: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda); Part one 1.9 ICRC to be involved in the process of arranging prisoner releases; UN Peace Mission to monitor implementation; 8.7. monitoring role of UN Advanced Mission in Sudan, subject by verification of the Verification and Monitoring Team and Joint Military Commission Nuba Mountains; 14.2.6. rep of IGAD to be observer of CPC; 14.5.10. provides for CPC to update the IGAD, IPF, AU, and the UN periodically on the process of the ceasefire implementation as deemed necessary; 15.2. parties call on intl community to provide technical and financial assistance to expedite implementation of the ceasefire; Part Two, 20.10.5. the parties appeal to the intl community to render additional technical, material and financial support to assist in forming and training the JIUs; 24.3 provides for the DDR process to be supported by the intl community by facilitating and extending material and technical assistance throughout the entire DDR process; 24.11 UNICEF, ICRC and other intl orgs are called upon to assist in the child component of DDR to Sudan; 24.12 that adequate financial and logistical support shall be mobilized by the intl community incl. govts, humanitarian orgs and NGOs; 27.5. parties call upon govts, intl community to assist and facilitate the reconciliation process at grassroots levels.
UN Involvement :
Preamble refers to relevance of intl conventions such as art. 52 UN Charter on regional arrangements for dealing with matters relating to the maintenance of intl peace and security as are appropriate for regional action; Part one, 1.7 parties commit to provide and share info with the UN Peace Support Mission; UN Peace Mission to monitor implementation; Part One, 8..6 UN Mine Action Office to oversee de-mining; 8.7. monitoring role of UN Advanced Mission in Sudan; 14.2.3. provides for special rep of UNSG to be member of CPC, (14.6.3) CJMC, (14.7.1) AJMC; 15. establishes UN Peace Support Mission and sets out mandate, incl. monitoring, Status of Forces Agreement, and parties commitment to respect UN mandate; 15.9 VMT, JMC, CPMT shall continue under the operational control of the UN Mission; 24.11 UNICEF are called upon to assist in the child component of DDR to Sudan; 25.3.4 the parties agree to coordinate with the UN-DPKO mission on issues pertaining to DDR.
Source :
USIP


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