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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups uprooted by the Armed Conflict
Record 279

Country :

Guatemala

Agreement Title/Name:
Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups uprooted by the Armed Conflict
Year :
1994
Date Signed :

17 June 1994

Summary :

Government committed to guaranteeing conditions necessary for safe return of internally displaced, to promote return of land, and to involve returnees in design and implementation of a comprehensive reintegration plan. Government assumed responsibility for decentralisation and strengthening of municipal government. Parties requested UN help fund projects resulting from the accord.


Parties :
Govt of Guatemala, URNG
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
III.10.&11. institutional development of municipalities, expanding decentralization of public administration, gradually transferring decision-making power in the mgmt of resources and admin of services to local communities and govts.
Women :
II.2 special emphasis on protecting female-headed households; III.8 govt undertakes to eliminate de facto and de jure discrimination against women with regard to access to land, housing, credits and participation in development projects.
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
II.1. parties reiterate commitment to Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Entire agreement dealing with resettlement of refugees and IDPs; II.9. govt will promote return of land to original holders and/or seek compensatory solutions; II.12 govt guarantees right to voluntary return in security and dignity, and also to respect right not to return; III. Specifically dealing with land distribution to resettling pop.
Civil Society :
II.11 Govt recognizes humanitarian work of NGOs and churches and will safeguard their security; IV.3. strong support of civil society needed in order to resettle affected population groups.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
V. parties agree to establish a Technical Committee for the implementation of the resettlement agreement
International Community :
11.7.1. govt to cooperate with intl community to arrange documentation for uprooted persons, 7.3. requesting UN and intl assistance; IV.3. strong support of intl community needed; V. intl cooperating agencies to have member on Technical Committee
UN Involvement :
UN, 'Advisers' (all signatories); II.6. parties request UNESCO to elaborate specific plan to continue education of resettling population; II.7.3 request UN assistance in arranging documentation for uprooted persons; V.6. UNDP to be asked to administer the funds for the projects approved by the Technical Committee
Source :
USIP


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