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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Agreement on the Social and Economic Aspects and Agrarian Situation
Record 297

Country :

Guatemala

Agreement Title/Name:
Agreement on the Social and Economic Aspects and Agrarian Situation
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

6 May 1996

Summary :

Contained four chapters. (I) Democratisation and Participatory Development - Government committed itself to increasing citizen participation. (II) Social Development - Promised high levels of government growth and restructuring of public expenditure to increase social investment. Included sections on education and training; health; social security; housing and work. (III) Agrarian Situation and Rural Development - Government agreed to strengthen provisions for consultation, to establish a trust fund to re-distribute undeveloped land, to develop a land register, new taxes on land and to implement speedy resolution of land conflicts. (IV) Modernisation of Government Services and Fiscal Policy.


Parties :
Govt of SL, URNG
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
I.10.(e) regionalise healthcare, education and cultural services for indigenous peoples
Governance/Democratic Inst :
I. Series of largely rhetorical govt commitments to 'participation and consensus-building', (10.) decentralisation of more authority to municipal govts, 10.(f) re-establish local development councils
Women :
I.B. Participation of women in economic and social development: govt commits to gender-sensitive planning, and to guarantee the rights of women in the home, the workplace, production sector, social and political life, acess to credit, land ownership, productive and technological resources, incl. by legislative change, giving effect to ratification of CEDAW (13.h)
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
I.B.13.(h) govt commits to legislative reform in accordance with CEDAW; II.C. 24(b) social security reform in accordance with ILO convention ratified by govt; III.H.39(c) protection of land labourers through application of 1975 ILO Convention 141 on org. of rural workers
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
III. Agrarian Situation and Rural Development- govt reaffirms earlier commitments, and B.34. to establish land trust fund to provide credit to small and medium-sized farmers to acquire land, E.24. legal framework and juridical security, G.38. land register, J.42 intro. Of land tax
Civil Society :
II.B.23.g) reforms to health system to encourage active participation of municipalities, communities and social orgs (incl. women's groups, indigenous peoples, trade unions, humanitarian associations) in the planning, execution and monitoring of the admin of health services and programmes; II.E.26(g)(ii) facilitate the procedures for recognition of the legal personality of labour orgs; III.A. govt to strengthen capacity of rural orgs to participate in decision-making, esp. rural development through development councils
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
III.E.37.(h) by 1997 to have started the operations of a presidental office for legal assistance and conflict resolution in relations to land; V. UNSG verification
International Community :
UN Involvement :
V. SG charged with verification
Source :
USIP


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