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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society
Record 298

Country :

Guatemala

Agreement Title/Name:
Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

19 September 1996

Summary :

Provided for strengthening of democratic government. Under a reformed Constitution: Civil Patrols would be abolished; various police units restructured and unified to form the National Civil Police; reform of the Penal Code promoted; operations of private security firms regulated; forced conscription ended and role of army limited to external defence.


Parties :
Govt of Guatemala, URNG
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Preamble: 'this Agreement seeks to create the conditions for genuine reconciliation among the people of Guatemala, based upon respect for human rights and the diversity of its peoples and on their shared determination to overcome the lack of social, economic and political opportunities, which undermines democratic coexistence and restricts the development of the nation,'
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Art. I.1 'In order to deepen the democratic and participatory process in such a way as to strengthen civilian power, it is of crucial importance to enhance, modernize and reinforce the State and its republican, democratic and representative system of government.'
Women :
VI. The Role of Women in Strengthening Civilian Power: (59.) govt commits to nationwide awareness-raising campaigns and educational programs; respect, promote, support and institutionalize women's orgs in rural and urban areas; 60. encourages national women's orgs to support implementation of the agreements on a firm and lasting peace
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
III. System of Justice: reform and modernization of administration of justice, particularly the judicial process, 12. details constitutional reforms regarding the judiciary, and 15. establishes Commission on the strengthening of the justice system
National Human Rights Inst :
II.(g) redefinition of the functions of the Congressional Human Rights Commission to allow for a more effective follow-up of the resolutions and recommendations contained in reports produced by the Counsel for Human Rights and other recognized public entities on the situation of human rights in Guatemala
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
III. System of Justice: reform and modernization of administration of justice, particularly the judicial process, 12. details constitutional reforms regarding the judiciary, and 15. establishes Commission on the strengthening of the justice system
Policing :
IV.B.22. restructuring of police into a single National Civil Police, and 23. details constitutional reforms to that end, 26. orgnization structure of the police, 27. police profession, 28-9 police academy, 30. functioning; VII.62. mobile military police to be disbanded;
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
III.16.(i) promote active involvement in the legal reform process of those bodies outside the state system of justice which play a decisive role in such reform; V. Social Participation: govt to faciliate community participation, prinicipally through decentralization; VI. The Role of Women in Strengthening Civilian Power: (59.) govt commits to nationwide awareness-raising campaigns and educational programs; respect, promote, support and institutionalize women's orgs in rural and urban areas; 60. encourages national women's orgs to support implementation of the agreements on a firm and lasting peace
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
III.15 Commission to be established to make recommendations on judicial reform, subject to MINUGUA verification; IV.20. establish Advisory Council on Security to assist the exec branch implement a broad concept of integral security; VIII. UNSG requested to ensure that the Agreement is carried out
International Community :
IV.31. Intl community: parties urge techical and financial cooperation for police reform from intl community
UN Involvement :
Signatory; IV.34(b) MINUGUA to verify transfer of registers from Arms and Munitions Control Dept to Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Interior; VIII. UNSG requested to ensure that the Agreement is carried out
Source :
USIP


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