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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Memorandum of Settlement ('Bodo Accord')
Record 30

Country :

India/Bodoland

Agreement Title/Name:
Memorandum of Settlement ('Bodo Accord')
Year :
1993
Date Signed :

20 February 1993

Summary :

Built on earlier agreements. Provided for establishment of a Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) within the State of Assam, to include villages with 50% and more of tribal population - 35 members to be elected by adult suffrage and 5 members nominated by the Government. Council to be consulted before law made in three areas: law affecting religious or social practices of Bodos; Bodo customary laws and procedures; and the ownership and transfer of land within BAC area. Also provided for establishment of Special Courts to deal with cases between parties who belong to Scheduled Tribes, and for changes in the geographical areas of the BAC. Agreed the General Council could lay down policy with regard to use of Bodo languages as medium of official correspondence within the BAC area, and that correspondence with offices outside the area would be in bilingual form. Agreement also reached on powers to regulate trade and commerce; employment opportunities with BAC having power to reserve jobs for Scheduled Tribes; civil and police services with the Central Government agreeing to hold special recruitment drives within the BAC area; relief and rehabilitation including the surrender of arms and protection of rights of non-tribals. An Interim Bodoland Executive Council was to be established for the transitional period. An appendix listed subjects and Departments over which the BAC would have control.


Parties :
Government of India, Government of Assam, All Bodo Students' Union, Bodo People's Action Committee
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
establishing autonomy for Bodo for social, educational, ethnic and cultural advancement: Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC within the State of Assam, to include villages with 50% and more of tribal population - 35 members to be elected by adult suffrage and 5 members nominated by the Government. Council to be consulted before law made in three areas: law affecting religious or social practices of Bodos; Bodo customary laws and procedures; Also provided for establishment of Special Courts to deal with cases between parties who belong to Scheduled Tribes. Agreed the General Council could lay down policy with regard to use of Bodo languages as medium of official correspondence within the BAC area, and that correspondence with offices outside the area would be in bilingual form.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Provided for establishment of a Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) within the State of Assam. An Interim Bodoland Executive Council was to be established for the transitional period
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Also provided for establishment of Special Courts to deal with cases between parties who belong to Scheduled Tribes.
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
protection of rights of non-tribals.
Judicial Reform :
Also provided for establishment of Special Courts to deal with cases between parties who belong to Scheduled Tribes.
Policing :
civil and police services with the Central Government agreeing to hold special recruitment drives within the BAC area;
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Agreement also reached on powers to regulate trade and commerce; employment opportunities with BAC having power to reserve jobs for Scheduled Tribes.
Enforcement Mechanism :
International Community :
UN Involvement :
Source :
reproduced in Datta (1995)


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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