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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Cairo Declaration on Somalia
Record 323

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Cairo Declaration on Somalia
Year :
Date Signed :

22 December 1997

Summary :

Provided for a ceasefire, cessation of hostilities and disengagement of forces. Recognised need for a transitional mechanism of national authority and agreed to preserve Somalia as an independent and indivisible state. Reiterated belief in principles of democracy, equality, social justice and constitutional guarantees of individual human rights. Also provided details of arrangements for a National Reconciliation Conference on 15 February 1998 to be held to elect a Presidential Council, a Prime Minister, and to adopt a Transitional Charter. Agreed the agenda would include: a Declaration of National Commitment to the formation of a Constitutional Transitional Government guaranteeing individual freedoms and to the creation of the democratic national Government; a Declaration of Peace and Co-operation for the people of Somalia to work with the Transitional Government towards the establishment of a Constitutional Federal Government; and adoption of a Transitional Charter to serve as a framework for the National Transitional Government. Agreed that Transitional Presidential Council would consist of three members from each of the four major social groups in Somalia and one of the remaining Somali social group and that 46 seats would be allocated to each of four Somali social groups and three and two to the remaining social groups respectively in the Constituent Assembly. The existence of the Transitional Government was to be limited to a period of three years with a possible extension of an additional two years Also made provision for a national census from which an electoral system could be implemented, and for the approval of a permanent Constitution enshrining fundamental rights through a national referendum.

Parties :
'Political leaders of the Rep of Somalia'
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
parties resolve to preserve Somalia as an independent and indivisible State within internationally recognized boundaries
Governance/Democratic Inst :
parties recognize need for transitional mechanism of national authority until the succeeding constitutional govt is instituted by the People. Transitional govt to be based on system of federal governance
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
'That we, the undersigned, call upon all the Somali people to forget the painful differences of the past and to magnanimously work together for common forgiveness, reconciliation and the end of hatred and mistrust forever.'
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Transitional govt to provide for independent judiciary and prohibition of special courts
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Parties reiterate commitment to constitutional guarantees of individual HR as provided by intl conventions and declarations. The transitional govt will be bound by the rules of intl laws and the objectives and principles of the UN and all other intl and regional orgs I which Somalia is a member, committing to respect all intl and regional conventions entered into by the former Somali govts. Parties resolve that there is a need for a permanent constitution to be drafted during the transitional period which enshrines the fundamental rights, liberties, and duties of the Somali people.
Judicial Reform :
Transitional govt to provide for independent judiciary and prohibition of special courts
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
A joint security force will be established for the National Reconcilation Conference (i.e. peace talks). The parties will establish a national coordination committee to prepare, organize and hold the National Reconciliation Conference
International Community :
appeal to intl community for assistance to the Transitional Govt upon its formation; thanks to the UN, the AU, the League of Arab States, the Org of the Islamic Conference and members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries; thanks to Egypt for hosting talks; thanks to IGAD states (Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda) for collective and individual efforts to promote peace; thanks to Yemen for its interest
UN Involvement :
Source :

Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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