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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Letter of Invitation to Madrid Peace Conference
Record 33

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Letter of Invitation to Madrid Peace Conference
Year :
Date Signed :

30 October 1991

Summary :

The breakup of the Soviet Union and the Gulf War reshaped the basic political order of the Middle East. In an attempt to take advantage of this change, US Secretary of State James Baker made eight trips to the region in the eight months following the Gulf War. The Madrid Invitation, inviting Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinians to an opening conference represents the result of this shuttle diplomacy. The invitation, an outcome of compromises by all sides, details the structure of the Madrid process:

An opening conference having no power to impose solutions
Bilateral talks with the Arab states bordering Israel,
Talks with the Palestinians on 5-year interim self-rule, to be followed by talks on the permanent status
Multilateral talks on key regional issues, like refugees.
The following is the complete text of the invitation to the Madrid Peace Conference on October 30, 1991, jointly issued by the U.S. and the Soviet Union: The co-sponsors believe that those negotiations should focus on region-wide issues of water, refugee issues, environment, economic development, and other subjects of mutual interest.

Parties :
Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, PLO
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Palestinians will be invited and attend as part of a joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
International Community :
Third parties: US, Soviet Union; The European Community will be a participant in the conference, alongside the United States and the Soviet Union and will be represented by its presidency; The Gulf Cooperation Council will be invited to send its secretary- general to the conference as an observer, and GCC member states will be invited to participate in organizing the negotiations on multilateral issues. The United Nations will be invited to send an observer, representing the secretary-general.
UN Involvement :
The United Nations will be invited to send an observer, representing the secretary-general.
Source :

Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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