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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Commitments for Chiapas by the State and Federal Governments and the EZLN under Paragraph 1.3 of the Rules of Procedure
Record 333

Country :

Mexico/Chiapas

Agreement Title/Name:
Commitments for Chiapas by the State and Federal Governments and the EZLN under Paragraph 1.3 of the Rules of Procedure
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

16 Feburary 1996

Summary :

Sets out constitutional framework for autonomy, and indigenous rights to be enshrined in the General Constitution of the Republic, and the Chiapas state constitution.


Parties :
EZLN, Mexican Govt
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Recognises indigenous peoples' right to self-determination and autonomy, and multi-cultural composition of the state of Chiapas. 'Municipalities with a mainly indigenous population may refuse to recognize the municipal authorities in power if the latter commits irresponsible acts which contravene the rights or practices and customs of the former, and local Congress shall endeavor to respect and support it's decision.' Provides for 'Indigenous intercultural bilingual education'.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Lists of rights to be recognised of the indigenous peoples' incl. own autonomous methods of governance; recognition of traditional authorities and internal systems of governance. Recognises right of communities to freely combine into municipalities with a majority indigenous population and the rights of several municipalities to joint together in order to coordinate their actions as indigenous peoples. Provides for redistribution of municipalities. In order to administer municipalities, there will be councils elected by direct popular vote, and indigenous councils elected according to indigenous practices and customs. Similarly re municipalities where majority of the people are indigenous. 'Communities and municipalities the majority of whose population is indigenous, by the powers expressly granted to them under the law, may meet and form associations among themselves so as to undertake actions in the region which optimize efforts and resources, thus raising the capacity for administration, development and coordination of their actions as indigenous peoples. The competent authorities shall effect the orderly and gradual transfer of resources so that they administer the public funds set aside for them and strengthen indigenous participation in government, management and administration in its different spheres and levels.'
Women :
Includes The establishment of the right of, and applicable mechanisms for, indigenous women to participate, on an equal footing with men, in all matters dealing with the governance and development of indigenous peoples and to enjoy priority intervention in the economic, educational, and health-care projects specific to them.'
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Lists of rights to be recognised of the indigenous peoples': language and culture; political, economic and social organization; own autonomous methods of governance; use and enjoy natural resources; recongition of traditional authorities and internal systems of governance for resolving conflict; participation in development plans design; develop methods of labout organisation; and rights of indigenous women to participate on same terms as men. Provides for 'Indigenous intercultural bilingual education'.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
The State government will promote before local Congress a bill on the Justice and Agrarian Development Act, which includes instrumental mandates for dissolving and penalizing latifundium owners and establishes the necessary conditions so that agrarian nuclei, communities, and indigenous peoples may generate their own development by availing of the resources of their own land, pursuant to Articles 13.2 and 14 of Convention 169 of the ILO.
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Lists of rights to be recognised of the indigenous peoples': language and culture; own autonomous methods of governance; use and enjoy natural resources;participation in development plans design. Provides for 'Indigenous intercultural bilingual education'.
Enforcement Mechanism :
II. Sets out Amendment proposals to the secondary statutes of the state of Chiapas, and the corresponding legislative proceedings to be made by the Federal Govt; Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
International Community :
Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
UN Involvement :
Source :
USIP


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