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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Comprehensive Peace Agreement Between the Government of Liberia and the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and Political Parties
Record 344

Country :

Liberia

Agreement Title/Name:
Comprehensive Peace Agreement Between the Government of Liberia and the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and Political Parties
Year :
2003
Date Signed :

18 August 2003

Summary :

A comprehensive peace agreement which firms Accra Agreement of June 2003. Agreement to establish transitional government. Contains modalities of securing peace, DDR, electoral reform, governance, past mechanism, refugees. Heavy intl involvement envisaged.


Parties :
Government of Liberia, Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL), National Patriotic Party, Liberian People's Party, Labor Party, Liberian Action Party, National Democratic Party, Reformation Alliance Party, True Whig Party, Liberia National Union, Progressive Peoples Party, Unity Party, National Reformation Party, Liberia Unification Party, People's Democratic Party, Free Democratic Party, All-Liberian Coalition Party, United People's Party, Equal Rights Party, New Deal Movement
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Art. XXI establishment of national transitional govt of Liberia (NTGL) see also annexes 2 & 4; Art. XXII mandate; Art. XXIII strucutre; Art. XXIV legislative assembly; Art. XXV executive; Art. XXVI cabinet; Art. XVI establishes Governance Reform Commission; Art. XVII establishes Contract and Monopolies Commission to oversee activities of contractual nature carried out by NTGL; Art. XVIII electoral reform; Art. IXX organisation of elections
Women :
Art. XVI establishment of Governance Reform Commission, membership to include women; Art. XXVII Judiciary to remain unchanged, but all members of the Supreme Court to be deemed to have resigned, all new appointments to be approved by the legislative assembly, based on shortlist of candidates from National Bar Association, including female lawyers; Art. XXVIII The parties shall reflect national and gender balance in all elective and non-elective appointments within the transitional govt; Art. XXXI transitional govt to accord particular attention to rehabilitation of vulnerable groups (incl. women) within Liberia. Article XXXI (3) The NTGL, in formulating and implementing programs for national rehabilitation, reconstruction and development, for the moral, social and physical reconstruction of Liberia in the post-conflict period, shall ensure that the needs and potentials of the war victims are taken into account and that gender balance is maintained in apportioning responsibilities for program implementation.
Amnesty :
Art. XXXIV transitional govt shall consider a general amnesty to all persons and parties engaged in military activities during the Liberian civil conflict
Past Mechanism :
Art. 13 establishes TRC;
Prisoner Release :
Art. 9- all political prisoners and POWs to be released immediately and unconditionally; Art. 10 ICRC and other national and intl agencies to verify prisoners condition and status before release; Art.11 parties request those orgs to offer all possible assistance to the released persons
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Art. XXVII Judiciary to remain unchanged, but all members of the Supreme Court to be deemed to have resigned, all new appointments to be approved by the legislative assembly, based on shortlist of candidates from National Bar Association, including female lawyers
National Human Rights Inst :
Art. 12.2 to establish Independent National Commission on Human Rights (INCHR); Article XV provides that the parties undertake to respect the rules and principles of humanitarian law. A governance reform commission is also established (Article XVI), and a National Elections Commission (Article XVIII)
Human Rights Framework :
Art. 12.1 parties endorse the Declaration and Principles on HR adopted by the UN, AU, ECOWAS, esp. UDHR, African Charter
Judicial Reform :
Art. XXVII Judiciary to remain unchanged, but all members of the Supreme Court to be deemed to have resigned, all new appointments to be approved by the legislative assembly, based on shortlist of candidates from National Bar Association, including female lawyers
Policing :
Art. 8 restructuring police: UNCIVPOL and ISF to monitor and assist;
Refugees/Land :
Art. 14 request intl community to assist humanitarian assistance to refugees and IDPs; the parties to ensure their security; Art.XXX transitional govt with intl community to design and implement plan for voluntary repatriation of Liberian refugees and IDPs
Civil Society :
Art. 12.3 new HR commission to work with local liberian HR and civil society orgs to monitor and strengthen HR; Art. XVI establishment of Governance Reform Commission, membership to be selected from candidates nominate by civil society; Art. XVII establishes Contract and Monopolies Commission whose membership shall be drawn from civil society; Art. XXIV: 7/76 seats reserved for civil society in THE NATIONAL TRANSITIONAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (NTLA) ; Art. XXV the positions of Chair and Vice-Chair of the exec shall be filled by the political parties and civil society
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Art.3.2 parties call on ECOWAS to establish multinational force to be deployed as interposition force to secure ceasefire and safe corridor for humanitarian assistance, setting out mandate of the force; 3.3 reaffirms role of JMC established under Accra Agmt; Art.4 intl stabilization force (ISF): parties request UN in collaboration with ECOWAS, AU, ICGL to faciliate deployment of UN Charter VII force in Liberia, with the ECOWAS interposition force becoming part of ISF; ISF to monitor ceasefire, DDR, assist coordination of humanitarian assistance, assist with elections security; coordinate with ECOWAS in implementing the agreement; Art. 5 JMC to coordinate agreed framework for disengagement; Art. 6 ISF to conduct disarmament of all combatants; Art. 6 National Commission for Disarmament, Demobilisation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (NCDDRR) to be established to coordinate DDRR activities; Art. XVI establishment of Governance Reform Commission; Art. XVIII National Elections Commission shall be reconstituted to implement and oversee electoral reform; Art. IXX UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other nations to be requested to monitor elections; Art. XXIX parties call on ECOWAS, in collaboration with UN, AU, EU, ICGL to set up Implementation Monitoring Committee to ensure effective and faithful implementation of the Agreement; Annex 3: Implementation Timetable. Article XXXIII provides for party commitments to implementation. Article XXXVI Provides for a dispute resolution mechanism through a process of mediation to be organised by ECOWAS in collaboration with the UN, the AU and the ICGL.
International Community :
Art.6 NCDDRR to comprise reps from ECOWAS, UN, AU, ICGL; Art.4 International Stabilization Force; Art. 7 ECOWAS, AU, UN, ICGL to advise on restructuring of armed forces, also US requested to play role; Art. 8 restructuring police: UNCIVPOL and ISF to monitor and assist; Art. 12 African Commission and other relevant orgs to assist new HR commission; Art. 13 Intl community to assist establishment of TRC; Art. XVI establishment of Governance Reform Commission, UNDP ICGL, and relevant intl orgs requested to provide support; Art. XVII establishes Contract and Monopolies Commission to collaborate with IFIs to finance Liberia; Art. IXX UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other nations to be requested to monitor elections; Art. XXVI parties call on UN, ECOWAS, AU, IMF, World Bank, African Development Bank, to support and assist transitional govt; Art. XXIX Intl Assistance post-conflict rehabiliation and reconstruction; Art. XXXI intl assistance sought for rehab of vulnerable groups; Art. XXXIII parties call on ECOWAS, UN, AU, ICGL, to use good offices and best efforts to ensure implementation
UN Involvement :
Art. 12 UNHCHR to assist new HR commission; Art. XXIX urgent call for consolidatd UN mission to Liberia; Art. XXXI UN assistance sought for rehab of vulnerable groups
Source :
USIP


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