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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Cotonou Accord
Record 352

Country :

Liberia

Agreement Title/Name:
Cotonou Accord
Year :
1993
Date Signed :

25 July 1993

Summary :

Ceasefire agreement; reaffirms Yamoussonokro Accords. Provided a framework for resolving the dispute, dealing with ceasefire, disarmament, demobilization, the structure of transitional government, election modalities, repatriation of refugees, and a general amnesty.


Parties :
Interim Govt of National Unity of Liberia, National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL/NPRAG), United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy (ULIMO)
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Section J, Art.11 all parties agree to submit themselves to the authority of the Transitional Govt; Part III, Section B, Art. 14 Structure of Govt: unitary state with single transitional govt, the Liberia National Transitional Govt, to supervise general and presidential elections, with transitional legislative assembly (unicameral with power-sharing); formal installation of council of state; transitional govt shall have three branches: legislative, executive, judiciary; Section C. Art. 15 elections modalities; Section D, Art. 16 Tenure and Mandate of the Transitional Govt
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Part III Section G Art.19 General Amnesty provided for: covers 'acts committed by the parties ot by their forces while in actual combat or on authority of any o fhte parties in the course of actual combat are hereby granted amnesty. Similarly business transactions legally carried out by any of the Parties hereto with proviate business institutions in accordance with the laws of Liberia shall in like manner be covered by the amnesty herein granted.
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Section I, Art.10 all POWs to be released to the ICRC authority for onward transmission to authority of the POW.
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Part III, Section C, Art.15, 8. parties agree that there shall be bi change in the existing structure of the Supreme Court, ULIMO may nominate the fifth member to the Court
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Part III, Section C, Art.15, 8. parties agree that there shall be bi change in the existing structure of the Supreme Court, ULIMO may nominate the fifth member to the Court
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Part III. Section F, Art. 18 parties to commit to desist from external or internal displacement of Liberians, and to creat conditions conducive to refugee repatriation, calling on UNHCR and UNDp, and other NGOs to implement programme of voluntary repatriation
Civil Society :
Part III. Section F, Art. 18 parties to commit to desist from external or internal displacement of Liberians, and to create conditions conducive to refugee repatriation, calling on UNHCR and UNDP, and other NGOs to implement programme of voluntary repatriation
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Section B, Art.3 ECOMOG and UN Observer Mission shall supervise and monitor the implementation of the Agreement; pending the full complement of the above being put in place, a Joint Monitoring Committee comprising equal no. of reps from each party, ECOMOG, and UN advance team to be established immediately; Section C, Art. 3 ECOMOG to create buffer zones or otherwise seal the borders of Liberia-Guinnea, Liberia-Sierra Leone, Liberia-Cote d'Ivoire, with UN observers to verify; ECOMOG to supervise points of entry to Liberia, with UN observers; Section E, Art.6 to monitor and verify disarmament and Section F Art.7 encampment of combatants (DDR) of the parties; Section G, Art.8 establishes Violation Committee consisting of one person from each of the parties hereto and the ECOMOG and UN observer Mission, chaired by a member of the UN observer mission; Section K, Art.12 schedules of implementation shall be drawn up by ECOMOG and UN observers
International Community :
Benin (on behalf of ECOWAS), UNSG, OAU (all witnesses); Section H, Art.9 parties call on UN and other intl orgs and countries to programme and finance DDR
UN Involvement :
UNSG witness
Source :
USIP


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