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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement
Record 379

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement
Year :
Date Signed :

14 October 2006

Summary :

Agreement comprises four chapters. The first addresses governance issues and the political participation of Eastern Sudan people, including the etsablishment of a Coordinating Council for Eastern Sudan states. The second deals with economic, social and cultural issues including the principle of wealth sharing and management of natural resrouces. The third comprises provisions on a ceasefire and security sector reform including integration of the Eastern Front into the national army. The fourth calls for a Consultative Conference on the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA), gathering all the stakeholders (including traditional leaders, political parties, civil society organizations, trade unions, religious leaders, business leaders and members of the diaspora, to publicize and moilise support fo the ESPA, build momentum for implementaiton and provide a forum to all stake holders to provide recommendation to the Eastern Sudan authorities. The agreement incorporates Six other agreements.

Parties :
Government of Sudan and Eastern Sudan Front Sudan.
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Premable affirms 'the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Sudan. Republc of Sudan is united, independent, and sovereign state, with sovereignty vested in the people and exercised by the state in accordance with the National Interim Constituiton, into which this agreement will be incoprorated (Art 1(1), Chatper one). Sudan is multu-cultural, multi-relgious, multi-lingual and multi-racial nation; recognition and respect for diversity shall be an important foundation of national cohesion (art 1(3), Ch 1). By end of 2997 there needs to be a nationwide conference to resvisit the adminitrative structure of the country (Art 5(12)).
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Provides for a federal system of government with an effective devolution of powers and a clear distribution of responsibiliteis between the centre and other elvels of government, including local administration, as a basis for 'fair and equaibale partitipation of the citiznes of the Sudan in general and the people of Eastern Sudan in particular (art 1(5), Ch 1). Provides for national, state and local government (art 3, Ch 1). Provides for elections (Art 7 (16) Ch 1). Provides for 'fair and effective participation' at all levels, including executive, legislative, judicary, armed forces, security services, civil service, national academic institutions and commissions (Art 7(14) Ch 1).
Women :
Women shall be fairly represented in all government instituitons at all levels and their equal and effective participation ensured (Art. 1(2), Chapter one). Special measures shall be taken to ensure the participation of women in all instituitons at all levels of governent (Art 7(19) Ch 1).
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Release of prisioners and detainees associated to the conflict in Eastern Sudan will take place a week following the signing of the agreement (art 30 (132), Ch3).
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Calls for fair and effective participation in judiciary (art 7(14) Ch1). Eastern Sudanese shall be adequately reperesented in the Constitutional Court, the National Supreme Court and other National Courts as well as in the National Judicial Services Commission (Art 10, Ch 1).
National Human Rights Inst :
Eastern Sudanese will be represented adquately in all institutions and commissions provided for in Constitution, in law nd in agreement. Specifically mentioned are: National Constituitonal Review Commission, National elections Commission, National Civil Service Commission, Commission Huuman Rights, Commission Population Census Council, Public Grievances Chamber, and Land Commission (art 12, ch 1).
Human Rights Framework :
Parties reaffirm commitment to respect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms as detailed in the INC and in internatioanl human rights covenants ratified by the Government of Sudan (art 6, ch1). The ceasefire artrangements of Ch 3 affirm 'respect for the constitution, rule of law, good governance, fundamental human rights and the provision of a decend standard of living for citizens of Eastern Sudan as related to security (art 24(87) Ch3).
Judicial Reform :
Calls for fair and effective participation in judiciary (art 7(14) Ch1). Eastern Sudanese shall be adequately reperesented in the Constitutional Court, the National Supreme Court and other National Courts as well as in the National Judicial Services Commission (Art 10, Ch 1).
Policing :
Police and armed forces and Security and intelligence Services (and National Civil Service) shall reflect at all levels a fair and equitable representation of all citizens, including those from Eastern Sudan (Art. 1(1), Chapter one). Following the assembly of eastern Sudan Frotn forces, regular Sudanese police forces and civil administration shall be deployed (Art 30(133), Ch 3).
Refugees/Land :
Chapter two deals with land usage and owndership. Parties commit themselves to acreate a conducive atmosphere that would enable IDP's and refugees to return voluntarily to their area of origin (art 25 (93) Ch3).
Civil Society :
Local government will bring power closer to grassrootes and ensure effective participation of citizens (Art 3(9)(c), Ch1). Article 7. Effective Participation of the People of Eastern Sudan in All Institutions and at all Levels of Govt. Chapter Four establishes Consultative Conference on Eastern Sudan Peace Agmt (134), to publicize and mobilize support for the agmt 138), to provide a forum for stakeholders to present their observations and recommendations, 140. all stakeholdres, incl, community and traditional leaders, political parties, CS orgs, trade unions, professionals, religious leaders, business leaders, and members of the diaspora to participate. 142. Parties to establish joint preparatory committee to decide membership and logistics.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Premable notes that 'political, social and economic marginalization constitutes the core problem in Eastern Sudan. Chapter Two provides detail on Economic, social and clutural issues, including provision for an Eastern Sudan Reconstruction and Development Fund (Art 23, Ch2). Detailed provision is made for social and ecnomic rintegration of former combatants (Art 28, Ch 3).
Enforcement Mechanism :
To implement the ceasefire, the Parties establish a High Joint Military Committee, composed of GOS reps, reps of Eastern Sudan Front, and one representative of the Government of the State of Eritrea (art 26(95), Ch 3). To amalgamate forces, parties establish a Joint Committee of Integration (5 GOS, 5 ESF).
International Community :
Art 35(152), Ch 6,Eritrea to register agmt with UN
UN Involvement :
Art 35(152), Ch 6, provides that 'The Government of the State of Eirtrea shall register this Agrement with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Source :
UN Peacemaker

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