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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Honiara Peace Accord
Record 405

Country :

Solomon Islands

Agreement Title/Name:
Honiara Peace Accord
Year :
Date Signed :

28 June 1999

Summary :

Resolved to eschew violence and to co-operate with the Commonwealth Special Envoy. Identified issues at the root of the crisis including the demand for return of lands to the people of Guadalcanal; demand for compensation for the murders of the Guadalcanal people by individual Malaitans; and the demand that a state government be established in Guadalcanal and other provinces. Called on the government and provincial government to take action to honour commitments in the Memorandum of Understanding and suggested further action that could to be taken to alleviate the suffering by the Guadalcanal people as a result of the capital being located in the territory. For example a review of the Lands and Titles Act was suggested so as to adequately compensate original land owners when Central Government or industrial projects are located in their territory. Also provided that the Committee set up to review the Provincial Government System should endeavour to conclude its work within six months and that all organisations formed to push demands of the people of Guadalcanal through force were to be dissolved and to surrender their weapons with no amnesty. The Government agreed to assist victims forced to relocate, and to establish mechanisms to pay adequate compensation to those who had lost properties. Parties also agreed that there should be equal and fair representation of all provinces in the national civil service and the police force, to promote a sense of national unity.

Parties :
Guadalcanal Province, Malaita Province, Solomon Islands, Commonwealth Special Envoy
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
2.(iii) demand that a state govt be established in Guadalcanal and other provinces in order to achieve in Guadalcanal control over sale and use of land, control over distribution of wealth derived from Guadalcanal province, and control over migration of people from other provinces to Guadalcanal. 5. Noted that a committee has been set up to review the Provincial Govt system.
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
6.(i) all paramilitary forces to be dissolved with immediate effect. In the case of those who committed particular offences the process of law will be allowed to take its course as there is no constitutional provision for an amnesty.
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
2.(ii) demand for compensation for the murders of Guadalcanal people by individual Malaitans and and a desire to put an end to this.
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
8. In order to counter alienation of ethnic persons of Guadalcanal, the police in particular should be encouraged to improve its image in Guadalcanal.
Refugees/Land :
2.(i) demand for return of alienate lands belonging to the people of Guadalcanal in the process of developing Honiara as the National Capital and those alleged to have been acquired illegally by migrating malaitans. 2(iv) notes enforced return of Malaitans living and working in Honiara, some of whom have spent their entire lives in Guadalcanal, to their territory and has involved the loss of property and tremendous amounts of discomfort. 4.(a) suggested that the govt undertake a review of the Lands and Titles Act to take account of the aspects of the diverse cultures in particular the land tenure system of all the provinces in such a way as to adequately compenstate original land owners when Central Govt or industrial projects are located in their territory. (b) an investigation to be conducted intl land alleged to have been illegally acquired from the original owners of Guadalcanal with a view to returning the land to the original owners or pay adequate compensation and if applicable adequate compensation to the developers of the land in question. (c) a policy should be put in place within a period of time to discourage the practice of squatting particularly in Guadalcanal. 7. Victims of the unrest the recent past who have been forced to relocate in their province should be encouraged and assisted by Govt. A mechanism should be established to pay adequate compensation to those who had suffered loss of properties. The Task Force established by Government to resettle displaced Malaitans be adequately funded. Domestic and International assistance to aid rehabilitation and repatriation of displaced persons will be intensified. A Central Government accelerated development programme for Malaita, aided and supported by international organisation and Commonwealth countries should be established immediately to enable displaced Malaitans practice their skill, arrest the wave of rural-urban migration, and to consolidate peace efforts.
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
4.(e) in order to check the current trend of rural-urban migration and in particular the migration to Honiara, Govt agrees to adopt a policy of even development of all the constituent provinces of Solomon Islands. Particular emphasis should be placed on developing infrastructures in the other provinces in particular Malaita province so as to attract industrial development.
Enforcement Mechanism :
3. recognized that the national govt has attempted to deal with the crisis as evident by the activities of The Task force on Guadalcanal Demands March 1999, and the Guadalcanal Peace Process Committee June 1999 and the establishment of a govt negotiating team to negotiate the Guadalcanal demands with the Guadalcanal people.
International Community :
UN Involvement :
Source :

Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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