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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip ('Oslo II')
Record 416

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip ('Oslo II')
Year :
Date Signed :

28 September 1995

Summary :

Parties :
Israel, PLO
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
agmt preamble recognising the PLO as 'the representative of the Palestinian people'. Preamble reaffirms parties' understanding that the interim self-government arrangements contained in this Agreement are an integral part of the whole peace process, that the negotiations on the permanent status, that will start as soon as possible but not later than May 4, 1996, will lead to the implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and that the Interim Agreement shall settle all the issues of the interim period and that no such issues will be deferred to the agenda of the permanent status negotiations; and RECOGNIZING that these elections will constitute a significant interim preparatory step toward the realization of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and their just requirements and will provide a democratic basis for the establishment of Palestinian institutions; art. 1 Isreal to transfer authority to Palestinian Council; Art. XXXI. Final Clauses: 5. Permanent status negotiations will commence as soon as possible, but not later than May 4, 1996, between the Parties. It is understood that these negotiations shall cover remaining issues, including: Jerusalem, refugees, settlements, security arrangements, borders, relations and cooperation with other neighbors, and other issues of common interest. Art. XI setting out zones A, B, and C of Palestinian territories and delineating status of each;
Governance/Democratic Inst :
art. II. Provides for elections in West Bank and Gaza in order that the Palestinian people may govern themselves - these elections as 'interim preparatory step' toward Palestinian democratic institutions; ARTICLE III Structure of the Palestinian Council 1. The Palestinian Council and the Ra'ees of the Executive Authority of the Council constitute the Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority, which will be elected by the Palestinian people of the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip for the transitional period agreed in Article I of the DOP. 2. The Council shall possess both legislative power and executive power; Art. V. exec authority of the Council; Art. VIII of decision of Exec available at relevant Palestinian court of Justice; Art. IX. Powers and responsibilities of the Council, (5) the Council will not have powers and responsibilities in the sphere of foreign relations; Art. XVIII legislative powers of the Council; Annex II. Protocol Concerning Elections
Women :
Annex VII. 2.a. all female detainees and prisoners shall be released in the first stage of release;
Amnesty :
Art. XVI. Confidence-building measures: 3. Palestinians from abroad whose entry into the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is approved pursuant to this Agreement, and to whom the provisions of this Article are applicable, will not be prosecuted for offenses committed prior to September 13, 1993.
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Art. XVI provision for release of Palestinian prisoners and detainees, Annex VII - setting out which groups to be released and modalities
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
ARTICLE XIX Human Rights and the Rule of Law Israel and the Council shall exercise their powers and responsibilities pursuant to this Agreement with due regard to internationally-accepted norms and principles of human rights and the rule of law.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Art. XIII.2.b. In Area B the Palestinian Police shall assume the responsibility for public order for Palestinians and shall be deployed in order to accommodate the Palestinian needs and requirements; ARTICLE XIV The Palestinian Police 1. The Council shall establish a strong police force.
Refugees/Land :
art. XXVII Continuing Committee (Israel, PLO, Lebanon, Egypt) to decide by agreement on the modalities of admission of persons displaced from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Annex V. protocol on economic relations
Enforcement Mechanism :
ARTICLE XXI Settlement of Differences and Disputes Any difference relating to the application of this Agreement shall be referred to the appropriate coordination and cooperation mechanism established under this Agreement. The provisions of Article XV of the DOP shall apply to any such difference which is not settled through the appropriate coordination and cooperation mechanism, namely: 1. Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Agreement or any related agreements pertaining to the interim period shall be settled through the Liaison Committee. 2. Disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations may be settled by a mechanism of conciliation to be agreed between the Parties. 3. The Parties may agree to submit to arbitration disputes relating to the interim period, which cannot be settled through conciliation. To this end, upon the agreement of both Parties, the Parties will establish an Arbitration Committee. ARTICLE XXVI The Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee 1. The Liaison Committee established pursuant to Article X of the DOP shall ensure the smooth implementation of this Agreement. It shall deal with issues requiring coordination, other issues of common interest and disputes. Annex II. Protocol Concerning Elections, art. V permits intl observation of elections
International Community :
agmt 'within framework initiated at Madrid' 1991; ARTICLE XXVII provides for liaison and Cooperation with Jordan and Egypt for a 'Continuing Committee' which has already been established
UN Involvement :
Source :
Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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