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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Joint Declaration that the Federal Govt and the EZLN shall submit to national debating and decision-making bodies
Record 431

Country :

Mexico/Chiapas

Agreement Title/Name:
Joint Declaration that the Federal Govt and the EZLN shall submit to national debating and decision-making bodies
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

16 February 1996

Summary :

This declaration contains agreed principles and foundations for a new relationship between indigenous peoples, society and the State; sets out context of the new relationship, commitments of the federal govt, principles of the new relationship, new legal framework,


Parties :
EZLN, Mexican Govt
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
1. parties commit to new national effort at unity with the participation of ingidenous peoples, 2. this new relationship to overcome the proposition of cultural integration to recognize indigenous peoples as the new subjects of law, and the pluricultural nature of the Mexican nation; 3.1 provides for recognizing indigenous peoples in the general constitution- they may consequently decide upon their own form of internal govt and their ways of organizing themselves; 3.4 state commits to promote national and local cultural policies of recognition and broadening of the spaces of indigenous peoples for the production, recreation and dissemination of their cultures; 4.1 parties commit to principle of pluralism in their new relationship
Governance/Democratic Inst :
3.1 provides for recognizing indigenous peoples in the general constitution- they may consequently decide upon their own form of internal govt and their ways of organizing themselves, 3.2 state commits to promote legal and legislative change to broaden local and national participation of indigenous peoples
Women :
3.6 state to provide support for the activities and training of indigenous women
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
5.1 state commits to recognition in the national Political Constitution of indigenous demands that should be embodied as legitimate rights: a. political rights, b. jurisdictional rights, c.social rights, d. economic rights, e. cultural rights; Concl. 2. Federal govt commits to new social pact with indigenous peoples making effective the rights and guarantees that pertain to them: the right of cultural difference, the right to their habitat, the right of indigenous peoples to the use and enjoyment of the territory in accordance with Art. 13.2 of Convention 169 of the ILO, the right to community political self-management, the right to the development of their culture, the right to their own traditional systems of production, the right to the management and execution of their own development projects.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
2. federal govt commits to promote policies and undertake tasks to address the conditions of poverty and marginalization affecting indigenous peoples; 3.6 state guarantees to meet basic needs of indigenous peoples (nutrition, healthcare, housing); 3.7 state to promote economic base of indigenous peoples; 4.2 state commits to environmentally sustainable development; 4.5 The state shall respect the exercise of free determination of indigenous peoples in each of the spheres and levels in which they will enforce and practice their separate autonomy, without detriment to national sovereignty and within the new regulatory framework for indigenous peoples; 5.1 state commits to guarantee social rights ('to guarantee their forms of social organization, satisfaction of their essential human needs and their internal institutions'), and economic rights ('to develop their organization schemes and alternatives for work and improve effeciency in production')
Enforcement Mechanism :
Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
International Community :
Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
UN Involvement :
Source :
USIP


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