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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Joint Proposals that the Federal Goverrment and the EZLN agree to remit to the National Debating and Decision-Making Bodies in accordance with paragraph 1.4 of the Rules of Procedure
Record 432

Country :

Mexico/Chiapas

Agreement Title/Name:
Joint Proposals that the Federal Goverrment and the EZLN agree to remit to the National Debating and Decision-Making Bodies in accordance with paragraph 1.4 of the Rules of Procedure
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

16 February 1996

Summary :

Statement agreeing proposals to national legislature on amendments to legislation and constitution, creation of a new legal framework between indigenous peoples and the State, governance, principles governing the relationship.


Parties :
EZLN, Mexican Govt
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
II. Proposals to include constitutional framework of autonomy for indigenous peoples, and gradual transfer of funds so that the indigenous peoples can themselves administer the public funds they are assigned in order to strengthen indigenous participation in the different levels and spheres of govt, control, and administration. The state legislature to determine what functions and powers can be transferred to them; III.3 recognises need to enshrine at constitutional level the right of all Mexicans to a multicultural education, promoting the history, customs, traditions, and general culture of the indigenous peoples, who are the root of our national identity; federal govt to promote laws and policies for the indigenous languages to enjoy the same social value as Spanish; IV. 'Acceptance of the following principles must govern the new relationship between the indigenous peoples, the state, and the rest of society': pluralism, self-determination, sustainabilty, consultation and consensus, strengthening the federal system and democratic decentralization
Governance/Democratic Inst :
5.e) recommends participation of indigenous peoples on national and state representitive bodies; III. Provides for political participation and representation of indigenous peoples
Women :
5.e) proposes that the Congress of the Union should recognize, in the constitutional and political amendments they reach, the right of indigenous women to participate, on an equal footing with men, at all levels of govt as well as in the development of the indigenous peoples. III.5 priority must be given to the involvement of indigenous women in decisions regarding projects of economic, political, social and cultural development.
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
III.2. provides for thorough-going review of federal and state judicial frameworks
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
6. lists a series of proposed rights of indigenous peoples, and the establishment of enforcement mechanisms is to be considered: self-organization, recognition for their internal systems of governance, improved legal protection, collective access to use of natural resources, cultural development, freely appointing their reps; III.7 state guarantees to promote protection of rights of indigenous migrants.
Judicial Reform :
III.2. provides for thorough-going review of federal and state judicial frameworks
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
III.8. provides for 'the participation of interested parties in civil society's empowerment on the decision-making bodies in the communications arena through the creation of a Communications Ombudsman or a Citizens Communications Council.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
5.d) provides for the participation of indigenous peoples' participation in all levels of development planning; III.4. govt agrees to respect and fund educational undertakings of indigenous peoples; III.5. state must promote mechanisms to guarantee indigenous peoples conditions that will allow them to take satisfactory charge of their food, health, housing, and an adequate level of well-being; III.6. state must promote development of economic base of the indigenous peoples
Enforcement Mechanism :
Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
International Community :
Convention 169 of the ILO invoked.
UN Involvement :
Source :
USIP


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