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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Lusaka Protocol
Record 445

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Lusaka Protocol
Year :
Date Signed :

15 November 1994

Summary :

Short agreement with 10 annexes: Agenda of the Angola Peace Talks between the Government and UNITA; Reaffirmation of the acceptance, by the Government and UNITA, of the relevant legal instruments; Military Issues ? I and - II; The Police; National Reconciliation; Completion of the Electoral Process; The United Nations mandate and the role of the Observers of the "Acordos de Paz" and the Joint Commission; Timetable for the implementation of the Lusaka Protocol; Other matters. Reaffirms earlier agreement 'Accordo de Paz para Angola' and re-establishes ceasefire; sets out staged implementation; deals extensively with setting up new army incorporating UNITA

Parties :
Govt of Rep of Angola, Uni o Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola (UNITA)
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Power map, see NDI
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Sets up Government of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN); Annex 6, II, par. 7 annex generally bringing UNITA into state political institutions; Annex 7 provides for completion of the electoral process
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Annex 6 National Reconciliation, past mechanism explicitly not provided for: 'In the spirit of National Reconciliation, all Angolans should forgive and forget the offenses resulting from the Angolan conflict and face the future with tolerance and confidence.' Mass media to be used to support this proces.Government and the leadership of UNITA shall each issue a statement on the importance and meaning of pardon and amnesty.
Enforcement Mechanism :
Annex 3.II.10 ICRC to supervise the release of civilian and military prisoners detained as a consequence of the conflict
International Community :
US, Russia, Portugal (observer states)
UN Involvement :
UN- mediators, represented by SRSG to Angola (initialled at the same time as the parties initialled the agreement);
Source :

Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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