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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : National Peace Accord
Record 468

Country :

South Africa

Agreement Title/Name:
National Peace Accord
Year :
1991
Date Signed :

14 September 1991

Summary :

comprehensive agmt setting out plans to secure peace, socio-economic development, reform of the police force, establishing mechanisms to implement and enforce the accord


Parties :
SAG, ANC, and over 40 other organizations
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
1.1. commits to Multi-party democracy (1.3) observing established democratic priniciples
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
1.2 sets out list of fundamental rights
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Chapter 3 sets out general provisions for the police and security forces where the National Peace ; 3.2.2.6.vii. The Standing Commission and/or the National Peace Committee may inquire on the progress of police investigations into incidents of political violence; Committee or Regional Dispute Resolution Committee receive evidence of police bias in such investigations, a special investigation unit can be empowered to conduct the investigation; 3.2.3.1.i. in order to ensure better police communication with the community, the police shall consult regularly with the Local Dispute Resolution Committee, or in its absence, community leaders incl. reps of the signtories of the accord; 3.3.1 A Police Board to be established consisting of equal numbers of members of the public and members of the police, to make recommendations to the Minister regarding police training and efficient functioning of the police; Chapter 4. Police Code of Conduct
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
1.3. established democratic principles includes: 'there should be an active civil society with different interest groups freely participating therein'; Chapter 2. Code of Conduct for political parties and organisations who are signatories to the accord, with disputes regarding transgressions to be resolved at the grassroots level; Chapter 3. 2.3.1.i. in order to ensure better police communication with the community, the police shall consult regularly with the Local Dispute Resolution Committee, or in its absence, community leaders incl. reps of the signtories of the accord; 3.3.1 A Police Board to be established consisting of equal numbers of members of the public and members of the police, to make recommendations to the Minister regarding police training and efficient functioning of the police; 3.7 Self-protection units: recognizes rights of individuals to establish voluntary associations or self protection units in any neighbourhood to prevent crime and invasions into communities, these orgs have the right to bear licensed arms and protect themselves; 3.7.2 the parties also agree that no party or political org shall estalish such units on the basis of party of political affiliation, such unites being considered armies; Chapter 4. Police Code of Conduct encourages police community relationship by promoting participation of the community; Chapter 5.1 reconstruction and dev. programmes must actively involve the affected communities, (5.3) working with local orgs; 5.7 the National Peace Committee and Regional Dispute Resolution Committees will establish permanent subcommittees on socio-economic reconstruction and development; Chapter 6 establishes Commission of Inquiry regarding the prevention of public violence and intimidation composed of a judge or retired judge, senior attorney or professor of law, and three other qualified persons; Chapter 7 National Peace Secretariat, Regional and Local Dispute Resolution Committees, establishes these mechanisms to address violence at grassroots level, the RDRCs to consist of reps from relevant political orgs, churches, trade unions, industry and business, local and tribal authorities, the police and defence forces
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
commitment to reconstruction and dev projects throughout the agmt
Enforcement Mechanism :
1.10 peace bodies to be established at regional and local level; 3.2.2.6.vii. The Standing Commission and/or the National Peace Committee may inquire on the progress of police investigations into incidents of political violence; where the National Peace Committee or Regional Dispute Resolution Committee receive evidence of police bias in such investigations, a special investigation unit can be empowered to conduct the investigation; 3.8.1 the accord to be issued as a directive by the Commissioner of Police, with the Police Act amended accordingly; 5.7 the National Peace Committee and Regional Dispute Resolution Committees will establish permanent subcommittees on socio-economic reconstruction and development; Chapter 6 establishes Commission of Inquiry regarding the prevention of public violence and intimidation, in order to enquire into the subject and explore steps to be taken, and make recommendations to the State President; Chapter 7 National Peace Secretariat, Regional and Local Dispute Resolution Committees, establishes these mechanisms to address violence at grassroots level and monitor the accord and settling disputes arising from them; Chapter 8 establishes National Peace Committee consisting of signatories' reps to monitor the accord and make recommendations on its implementation, to ensure compliance with the code of conduct fo political parties and orgs; Chapter 9 procedure for enforcing the agmt between the parties (i.e. enforcing the Code of Conduct)
International Community :
UN Involvement :
Source :
ANC website


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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