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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone, signed at Abidjan ('Abidjan Accord')
Record 482

Country :

Sierra Leone

Agreement Title/Name:
Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone, signed at Abidjan ('Abidjan Accord')
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

30 October 1996

Summary :

Agreement to a ceasefire. A national Commission for the Consolidation of Peace to supervise and monitor the implementation of compliance with agreement. The commission is to establish: a socio-economic forum; citizens? consultative conferences; multi-partisan council; trust fund for the consolidation of peace; demobilisation and resettlement committee; and a national budget and debt committee. The Commission is to consist of representatives of both sides drawing on state and civic institutions. A Citizens? Consultative Conference is also to be organised. Combatants are to be disarmed ?upon their entry into the designated assembly zones? with demobilisation and reintegration as soon as practicable thereafter.


Parties :
Govt of SL, RUF/SL
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Article 18, The parties agree to reform the electoral process, and to establishing a National Electoral Commission.
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Article 14 provides: 'To consolidate the peace and promote the cause of national reconciliation, the Government of Sierra Leone shall ensure that no official or judicial action is taken against any member of the RUF/SL in respect of anything done by them in pursuit of their objectives as members of that organization up to the time of the signing of this Agreement.'
Past Mechanism :
Article 15 provides: The mandate and membership of the existing National Unity and Reconciliation Commission shall be expanded in consultation with the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace to enable it to undertake a sustained and effective campaign of civic education aimed at enhancing national unity and reconciliation, taking into account the imperative need to heal the wounds of the conflict.
Prisoner Release :
Article 19 All political prisoners and prisoners of war, if any, shall be released.
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Article 24 The Parties agree that the independence of the judiciary shall be strengthened in accordance with its role of ensuring the fair and impartial dispensation of justice in a democratic order. The composition of the present Judicial and Legal Service Commission shall be determined so as to ensure the independence of the judiciary from the other organs of State as well as the political parties. Its membership shall include, in addition to judges and representatives of the legal profession and public services, representatives of other sectors of society not directly connected with the administration of justice.
National Human Rights Inst :
Article 20 an independent National Commission on Human Rights shall be established.
Human Rights Framework :
Article 19 The Parties agree that the basic civil and political liberties which are recognized by the Sierra Leone legal system and are contained in the Declarations and Principles on Human Rights adopted by the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity, especially the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and People's Rights, shall be fully guaranteed and promoted within Sierra Leone society. Article 21 provides that 'The Parties undertake to respect the principles and rules of international humanitarian law.' Article 26 provides for socio-economic conditions.
Judicial Reform :
Article 24 The Parties agree that the independence of the judiciary shall be strengthened in accordance with its role of ensuring the fair and impartial dispensation of justice in a democratic order. The composition of the present Judicial and Legal Service Commission shall be determined so as to ensure the independence of the judiciary from the other organs of State as well as the political parties. Its membership shall include, in addition to judges and representatives of the legal profession and public services, representatives of other sectors of society not directly connected with the administration of justice.
Policing :
Article 25 The Police Force shall be strengthened to ensure that the rule of law is upheld throughout Sierra Leone. To that end, the present Police Force shall be vetted.
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
Article 4 annual Citizens' Consultative Conferences to be organized; Article 20 a consortium of local human rights groups shall be encouraged to help monitor human rights observance; Art.27 provides for a broad-based Socio-Economic Forum, in which the RUF shall participate, shall be established with a view to enriching policy formulation and execution in the socio-economic sector
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
Article 3 Commission for the Consolidation of Peace to verify implementation (comprising govt and RUF reps), coordinate and facilitate the work of the following bodies which it will proceed to establish:Socio-Economic Forum;Citizen's Consultative Conferences;Multi-partisan Council;Trust Fund for the Consolidation of Peace;Demobilizations and Resettlement Committee;National Budget and Debt Committee; Article 8 Joint Monitoring Group to monitor DDR; Article 11 A Neutral Monitoring Group (NMG) from the international community shall be responsible for monitoring breaches of the ceasefire provided under this Peace Agreement.
International Community :
Article 5 role for intl community in the upkeep and welfare of the encamped combatants; Article 8 The Parties shall request the international community to help supervise and monitor the encampment, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration processes; Article 11 A Neutral Monitoring Group (NMG) from the international community shall be responsible for monitoring breaches of the ceasefire provided under this Peace Agreement; Article 17 The Parties shall approach the international community with a view to mobilizing resources which will be used to establish a trust fund to enable the RUF/SL to transform itself into a political party; Article 28 The Government of Côte d'Ivoire, the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity and the Commonwealth shall stand as moral guarantors that this Peace Agreement is implemented with integrity and in good faith by both parties.
UN Involvement :
Signatory and 'moral guarantor' (article 28); Article 20 Re: national HR commission, technical and material assistance may be sought from the United Nations Special Commission on Human Rights, the United Nations Centre for Human Rights, the African Commission on Human and the People's Rights and other relevant international organizations.
Source :
USIP


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