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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Peace Agreement between the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (RUF/SL) (Lome Agreement)
Record 484

Country :

Sierra Leone

Agreement Title/Name:
Peace Agreement between the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (RUF/SL) (Lome Agreement)
Year :
1999
Date Signed :

7 July 1999

Summary :

Consisted of 7 parts. Part I dealt with Cessation of Hostilities and provided for a ceasefire and for the establishment of a Ceasefire Monitoring Committee at provincial and district levels, as well a Joint Monitoring Commission at national level to be chaired by the UN Observer Mission in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) together with representatives of the Government of Sierra Leone and RUF/SL. Part II dealt with governance and outlined formulas for the transformation of the RUF/SL into a political party enabling it to join a Broad-Based Government of National Unity through cabinet appointment. Provision was also made for the establishment of a Commission for the Consolidation of Peace to implement a post-conflict programme and to ensure that all structures for national reconciliation and peace were operational; and for a Commission for the Management of Strategic Resources, National Reconstruction and Development to secure and monitor the legitimate exploitation of Sierra Leone?s gold and diamonds and other resources of strategic importance. Part III dealt with other political issues and the Government agreed to grant pardon and amnesty to all combatants. Also provided for a review of the present constitution and the establishment of a National Electoral Commission by the Government in consultation with all political parties. Part IV dealt with post-conflict military and security issues, including the new mandates of ECOMOG and UNOMSIL and provided disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration as well as for the restructuring and training of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces. Part V addressed humanitarian, human rights and socio-economic issues including the release of prisoners and abductees and the voluntary repatriation and reintegration of refugees and displaced persons, and guarantees of their security. Provision was also made for humanitarian relief; post war rehabilitation and reconstruction; a special fund for war victims; child combatants; free compulsory schooling education and affordable health care; and for the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to address human rights violations. Part VI provided details concerning the implementation of the agreement, including the establishment of a Joint Implementation Committee, and included a request for international involvement. Part VII dealt with moral guarantors and international support. Annexes provided a definition of ceasefire violations and a schedule for the implementation of the peace agreement.


Parties :
Govt of SL, RUF/SL
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Preamble reaffirms that 'sovereignty belongs to the pepole, and that Government derives all its powers, authority and legitimacy from the pople'
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Part Two deals with Governance, providing for the transformation of RUF/SL into a political party, and to join a broad-based Government of National Unity. Also provides for a Commission for the Consolidation of Peace, a Commission for the Management of Strategic Resources, National Reconstruction and Development, and a Council of Elders and Religious Leaders. Part III, provides for a process of constitutional review, a date for elections, and a national electoral commission.
Women :
Article XXVIII Post-war rehabilitation and reconstruction'- special attention will be paid to the needs of women and they will be given a central role in the reconstruction
Amnesty :
Article IX provides for pardon and amnesty: an absolute and free pardon and reprieve to all combatants and collaborators up to the date of the agreement
Past Mechanism :
Artcle XXVI TRC to be established within 90 days of signing the agreement, reporting within one year of its commencement
Prisoner Release :
Article XXI & Annex 3 provide for the immediate and unconditional release of all political prisoners of war as well as non-combatants, see also amnesty
Victims :
Article XXIX govt and int'l community to establish fund and rehabilitation program for war victims
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Article XXV to establish an autonomous quasi-judicial Human Rights Commission within 90 days of signing the agreement
Human Rights Framework :
Part Three, Article x, provides for review of the Constitution (rights not specifically mentioned). Article XXIV provies that all; the basic civil and political liberties recognized by the Sierra Leone legal system and contained in the declarations and principles of human Rights adopted by the UN and OAU, especially the Universal declaration of human Rights and the African Charter on Human and People's Rights, shall be fully protected and promoted within Sierra Leonean society. These are to include the right to life and liberty, freedom from torture, the right to a fair trial, freedom of conscience, expression and association, and the right to take part in the governance of one's country.
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Articles XII & XIII guarantee right of safe return and provide for intl collaboration to that end (no real detail)
Civil Society :
Article VI & VII reserves seats for civil society reps in the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace and Commission for the Mgmt of Strategic Resources, National Reconstruction an Development, respectively; Article XXV provides for consortium of local human rights and civil society groups in Sierra Leone 'to be encouraged' to help monitor human rights
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Art. VII establishes Commission for the Mgmt of Strategic Resources, National Reconstruction and Development to exercise full control over exploitation of diamond, gold and other resources
Enforcement Mechanism :
Article 2 establishes at provincial and district levels a Ceasefire Monitoring Committee to be chaired by UNOMSIL, with reps of SL govt and RUF/SL, the Civil Defence Forces and ECOMOG; a Joint Monitoring Commission(JMC) with similar composition and functions will be established at national level; Article 6 establishes Commission for the Consolidation of Peace. Part Six provides for Implementation of the Agreeement, establishing a joint implementation Committee comprising of the members of the Commission for theConsolidation of Peace and the Committee of Seven on Sierra Leone, as well as the Moral Guarantors and other international supporters. This is to be responsible for reviewing and assessing the state of implementation of the Agreement, meeting once every six months; Annex 5- draft schedule of implementation of the peace agmt
International Community :
Article 2 parties shall seek funds from intl community for JMC; Article XXXIV The Govt of Togolese Rep., the UN, the OAU, ECOWAS, and the Commonwealth stand as Moral Guarantors to this Agreement; Article XXXIII, the parties request international involvement, and in particular link entry into force of provisions affecting the UN to the adoption by the Security Council of a resolution. Article XXXIV, moral guarantors are named.Article XXXV The int'l orgs and national govts above, plus the govts of Burkino Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mali, Nigeria, Togo, the UK and US called on for support in implementing the agreement
UN Involvement :
Signatory; Article XIV requests UNSC to amend the mandate of UNOMSIL to enable it to undertake the various provisions outlined in the Agreement. Article XXXIII, entry into force of UN commitments linked to adoption of new SC resolution.
Source :
USIP


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