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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Peace Agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front
Record 485

Country :

Philippines/Mindanao

Agreement Title/Name:
Peace Agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front
Year :
1996
Date Signed :

2 September 1996

Summary :

Framework Agreement setting out autonomy arrangements for Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), integration of MNLF into army and police, and phased implementation of the agmt.


Parties :
Govt of the Rep of Philippines, Moro National Liberation Front
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
I. Implementing Structure and Mechanism of this Agmt: 1. Phase one to cover three year period following issuance of Exec Order establishing Special Zone of Peace and Development, the Southern Philippine Council for Peace and Development, and the Consultative Assembly; Phase II. GRP to amend leg on ARMM, after which the amendatory law shall be submitted to the people of the concerned areas in a plebiscite to determine the establishment of a new autonomous govt and the specific area of autonomy thereof. III. The New Regional Autonomous Govt, sets out exec, legislative assembly, administrative system, and representation in National Govt. III.C.Education. 101. The integration of Islamic Values in the curriculum should be done gradually after research and studies are conducted. 102. The teaching of Islamic values, as well as Filipino values, shall be incorporated in Good Manners and Right Conduct in appropriate grade levels incl. the tertiary level subject to agreed norms, academic freedom, and legal limitations. 103. Muslim culture, more, customs and traditions which are mainly based on Islam, as well as the cultures, mores, customs and traditions of Christians and indigenous people, shall be preserved through the regular public and special schools in the Autonomous Region. 112. Religious instruction in public schools should be optional, with the written consent o the parent/guardian, taught by the authorities of the religion to which the student belongs, and should not involve additional costs to the govt. III.E. Sharia and the Judiciary. 152. The Regional Legislative Assembly shall establish Shariah courts in accordance with the existing laws.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
II. Transitional Period. 10. There shall be established a Consultative Assembly with 81 members, incl. SPCPD Chair, Governor and Vice-Governor of ARMM and provincial and municipal heads; 44 MNLF members, and 11 members from various sectors recommended by NGOs and people's orgs.
Women :
III. The New Regional Autonomous Govt, 25. there shall be sectoral representatives in the Legislative Assembly, incl. women, whose number shall not exceed 15% of the total number.
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
III. The New Regional Autonomous Govt, Judicial. 69. it shall be a policy of the national govt that at least one justice in the Supreme Court and at least two in the Court of Appeal shall come from the Autonomous Region. III.E. Sharia and the Judiciary. 152. The Regional Legislative Assembly shall establish Shariah courts in accordance with the existing laws.
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
III.B. 76. Philippine National Police Regional Command for the Autonomous Region to ensure that (e.) detention and arrest is done in accordance with inherent human rights of the citizens. III.C. Education. 112. Religious instruction in public schools should be optional, with the written consent o the parent/guardian, taught by the authorities of the religion to which the student belongs, and should not involve additional costs to the govt.
Judicial Reform :
III. The New Regional Autonomous Govt, Judicial. 69. it shall be a policy of the national govt that at least one justice in the Supreme Court and at least two in the Court of Appeal shall come from the Autonomous Region. III.E. Sharia and the Judiciary. 152. The Regional Legislative Assembly shall establish Shariah courts in accordance with the existing laws.
Policing :
I.1. during phase 1 of peace agmt, the process of joining the MNLF element with the Philippine National Police (PNP) as part of the regular police recruitment programme will also take place. 19. sets out joining of MNLF elements with PNP. III.B. 74. The Regional Leg Assembly may enact laws governing the PNP Regional Command for the Autonomous Region/SRSF consistent with the constitutional provision that there shall be one politce force in the country which is national in scope and civilian in character. 78.-83. sets out organization of the PNP Regional Command for the Autonomous Region.
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
10.d. 81 member Consultative Assembly, 11 drawn from various sectors recommended by NGOs and people's orgs; 11. the Assembly to serve as forum for consultation and ventilation of issues and concerns, to conduct public hearings and provide advice, to make rules and recommendations for effective admin of the area (Southern Philippines); 23. establishing Regional Legislative Assembly, 25. providing for 15% sectoral representatives coming from labor, disabled, industrial, indigenous cultural communities, youth, women, NGOs, agricultural, and such other sectors as may be provided by Regional Law
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
II. The Transitional Period: 3. a Special Zone of Peace and Development in the Southern Philippines. For the next three years, these areas are to be the focus of intensive peace and development efforts. Public and private investments shall be channeled to these areas to spur economic activities and uplift the conditions of the people therein. 8. The S. Philippine Council for Peace and Development to monitor, promote and coordinate development efforts in the area, incl. attracting foreign investment, especially from OIC member countries and ASEAN. III.C. Education: sets out integrated system of education for ARMM. III.D. Economic and Financial System, Mines and Minerals. 126. The Regional Autonomous Govt shall establish its own Regional Economic and Development Planning Board chaired by the Head of Govt in the area of autonomy.
Enforcement Mechanism :
II. Transitional Period, 13. A Joint Monitoring Committee composed of members of GRP and MNLF, with the help of the OIC, shall continue to meet to review and identify agmts that can eb immediately implmented, and monitor the implementation of this Agmt during Phase 1. 18.e) Commission on Elections to assist in preparation for holding elections, referenda, or plebiscite and people's intiative in the area. III.F. Totality Clause: 153. 'This PA, which is the full implementation of the 1976 Trioi Agmt, embodies and constitutes the totality of all the agmts, covenant and understandings between the GRP and the MNLF respecting all the subject matters embodies herein. This agmt supersedes and modifies all agmts, consensus, covenants, documents and communications not referred to or embodied in this Agmt or whose terms and conditions are otherwise inconsistent herewith. Any conflict in the interpretation of this Agmt shall be resolved in the light of the Philippine Constitution and existing laws.
International Community :
Organization of Islamic Conference participated in talks and signed the agmt. II.Transitional Period. 8. The S. Philippine Council for Peace and Development to monitor, promote and coordinate development efforts in the area, incl. attracting foreign investment, especially from OIC member countries and ASEAN. II. Transitional Period, 13. A Joint Monitoring Committee composed of members of GRP and MNLF, with the help of the OIC.
UN Involvement :
Source :
INCORE


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