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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Protocol between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on the Resolution of Conflict in Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile States
Record 502

Country :

Sudan

Agreement Title/Name:
Protocol between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on the Resolution of Conflict in Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile States
Year :
2004
Date Signed :

26 May 2004

Summary :

Agreement establishing principles and modalities for resolution fo conflict in regions. Provides for a consultation on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Provides for the structure of the states.


Parties :
Government of Sudan, Sudan's People Lieration Movement (SPLM)
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
The agreement provides the structure of state government. Sets out power-sharing percentages to go to National Congress Party and to SPLM (Art 11). Rotational governonship in the two states, not to be held simultaneosly in the two states at the same time (Art 11.1.2, 11.1.3). Deputy Governor to go to toher party. Elections to be held, but pending them, 'and as part of affirmative action' the parties agree that the states shall be adequately representived in National Institutions targeting a percentage not less than the ration of their population size (11.2).
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
State courts provided for (art 7). State legsilature is to provide guarantees for the independence and impartiality of the State judiciary and ensure that state judges not be subject to political or other interference ((7.4).
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
State constitutions to be made, in conformance with National Constitution.
Judicial Reform :
State courts provided for (art 7). State legsilature is to provide guarantees for the independence and impartiality of the State judiciary and ensure that state judges not be subject to political or other interference ((7.4).
Policing :
Police and prisons at state level.
Refugees/Land :
The regulation of land tenure, usage and exercise of rights in land to be exercised by National and State Governments (Art 9). A State Land Commission will be established in State of Southern Kordofan/Buba Mountains and Blue Nile, respectively (9.3).
Civil Society :
Provides for 'popular consultation' on comprehensive peace agreement (Art 3). By this it means 'through the two states through their repsecitve democratically elected legislatures.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
National weal to be shared equitably between different levels of government (8), Oil revenues etc to be dividied (8). A National Reconstruction and Development FUND to develop war affected areas and least developed areas in Sudan (8.5). Effects of war and level of development should be main criteria (8.6)
Enforcement Mechanism :
An independnet Commission is to be established to assess and evaluate the implrementaiotn of the CPA in each of the two states. It is to submit its reports to the Nationa l Government and the Governments of the two staates who shall use reports to rectify procedures. Joint National Transitional Team to look at funds distribution as set out in Wealth Agreement (8.7). Fiscal and Financial Allocation and Monitoring Comimssion to allocate transfers as in Wealth Agmt (8.8).
International Community :
Parties agree to appeal to the donor community to provide technical assistacne fo the FFAMC to dvelop comprehensive equalization criteria (8.10).
UN Involvement :
Source :
UN Peacemaker


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