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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Rule of Law
Record 509

Country :

Rwanda

Agreement Title/Name:
Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Rule of Law
Year :
1992
Date Signed :

18 August 1992

Summary :

Consisted of four parts. (I) Agreement that national unity was to be based on equality, equal opportunities and respect for fundamental rights; rejection of exclusion and discrimination; and undertaking not to hinder the free exercise of the right of refugees to return to their country. (II) Agreement that democracy was to be expressed through regular, free, transparent and fair elections, and acceptance of the implications of the fundamental principles of democracy. (III) Recognition that democratic society is founded on pluralism, which is the expression of individual freedoms, and must respect national unity and the fundamental rights of the citizen. (IV) Provided for the establishment of an independent National Commission on Human Rights to investigate human rights violations, to educate the population about human rights and to institute legal proceedings where necessary as well as the establishment of an International Commission of Enquiry to investigate human rights violations committed during the war.


Parties :
Government of the Republic of Rwanda, Rwandese Patriotic Front
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
National Unity, based on equality, fundamental rights in UDHR, and African Charer HPR. 'National unity imples that the Rwandese peoplel, as constitutent elements of the Rwandese nation, are one and individsible.' . .
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Provides for national unity, democracy, and principles for democracy: sovereignty of people, government based on consent of the people, separatio of powers, independence of judiciary, rights guarantees, equality, repsect of law, a constituiotn, multipartism, social and economic plurailsm.
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Tow parties agree to establish an Internatioanl Commission of Enquiry to investigate human rights violations committed during war (article 16).
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Parties agree that a National Human Rights Commission be established (art. 15).
Human Rights Framework :
Unity means no discrimination (article 3). Democracy (Chapter II) includes human rights. Pluralism includes human rights, and Human Rights constitutes Chapter IV).
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Unity means a solution to refugees (article 4).
Civil Society :
Not Applicable
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
International Community :
For and behalf of the Facilitator (United Republic of Tanzania) - almost as a party. IN the presence of the Representative of the Current Chairman of the OAU, In the presence of the Representative of the Secretary General of the OAU. Chapter IV: Human rights, provides that the parties recognise that the International Community would be justified in expressing concern for violation of rights (art 14).
UN Involvement :
Source :
on file with author


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