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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Repatriation of Rwandese Refugees and the Resettlement of Displaced Persons
Record 511

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Repatriation of Rwandese Refugees and the Resettlement of Displaced Persons
Year :
Date Signed :

9 June 1993

Summary :

Outlined the basic principles for the voluntary return and repatriation of Rwandan refugees including the provision of land by the Rwandese Government, and recognition of the right to property for all the people of Rwanda, and of the principle of dual citizenship. Also provided for the establishment of a Commission for Repatriation with Government, UNHCR, Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and Refugee representatives and outlined modalities for the integration of refugees with regard to employment, housing and access to services and education. Outlined timetable for implementation of the Overall Programme for Repatriation and as well as measures for the return of persons displaced by war and social strife.

Parties :
Government of Rwanda, Rwandese Patriotic Front.
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
The return of Rwandese refugees to their country is an inalienable right and constitutes a factor of peace, national unity, and reconciliation (article 1). Principle of dual citizenship accepted. (art 7).
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Detailed agreement on the issue providing for voluntary return, settlement subject to rights of others, government making land available, a right to perperty (but not for those more than 10 years ago who should receive compensation). Property and assets of returnees exempted from import duties. Art 35 also provides for settlement in host country. The agreement deals separately with displaced persons, and provides for military and socio-economic security.
Civil Society :
For the technical implementation of RP, the Tovernment of Rwanda and the UNHCR shall preferable resort to those NGOs with an established reliability, taking also their respective specialisation into account. (art 32).
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Repatriation process must mesh with the economic changes underway in the country. Repatriation commission to conduct a socio-economic survey of refugees (art 10). Makes some economic provision for refugees (Sub-section 4, arts 12-15). Extensive provision for reconstruction in section dealing with displaced persons.
Enforcement Mechanism :
International Community :
In presence of the Representative of the Facilitator (United Republic of Tanzania), In the presence of the current chairman of OAU, Represenative of OAU Secretary General; International community to assist Rwandese Government to provide assistance to refugees in food aid, domestic items, farming tools, building materials, health, education. (articles 15-21). Refugees to benefit from job opportunities in samw way as residents (art 22)., Rwandese Government to undertake negotiatsions with international funding institutions within the framework of the Structural Adjuistment Programme (SAP), so that the absorption capacitites of the Public Sector could be enchanced. (Art 23). Social security provision (Art 24). A range of further socio-economic benefits provided.
UN Involvement :
UNHCR will issue documetns testifying that the bearer is a Rwandese refugee. But self-declaration also allowed. UNHCR and OAU to be involved in repatriation process, through a Commission for Repatriation, with the Government (art 9). Within 6 months UNHCR and OAU to organise a Donor's Conference (art 31).
Source :
on file with author

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