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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan and South Sudan United Democratic Salvation Front
Record 556

Country :

Sudan

Agreement Title/Name:
Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan and South Sudan United Democratic Salvation Front
Year :
1997
Date Signed :

21 April 1997

Summary :

Between the Government of Sudan and the South Sudan United Democratic Front (UDSF) comprising of the SSIM, the Union of Sudan African Parties, SPLM, the Equatorial Defence Force, and the South Sudan Independents Group. Provided for the exercise of the right of self-determination through a referendum by the people of South Sudan. Dealt with constitutional and legal matters, including constitutional guarantees and fundamental rights and freedoms; powers to be exercised by the federal institutions and by the state and economic matters, including the establishment of a Revenue Allocation Commission. Included provisions on the balanced participation of the Southern citizens in federal institutions. Also outlined the activities, functions and powers of the Coordinating Council of the Southern States and outlined security arrangements for the four-year interim period.


Parties :
Govt of Sudan, United Democratic Salvation Front, South Sudan Independence Movement/Army, Sudan People's Liberation Movement, South Sudan Independents Group, Equatoria Defence Force, Union of Sudanese African Parties, Bor Group
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Four year transitional governance in Sudan with provision for popular referendum in Sudan before the end of 4 year period. Chapter 7. terms of the referendum. Chapter 3.a.1. Sudan is a multi-racial, multi-cultural and multi-religious society.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Ch.3.e.1. Participatory democracy shall be realised through congresses and national convention or conference. In promotion of PD, the congresses and national convention shall be organised: a.to accommodate forums for all citizens, b. to discourage all forms of intolerance and totalitarianism. 3. The parties to this agmt shall be guaranteed full participation in the political and constitutional processes in Sudan.
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Ch.6. (9) general amnesty for members of the SSDF from any criminal or civil culpability relating to acts committed during the date of signing this Peace Agmt, with (10) a joint amnesty commission to follow up the implementation, and (11) a joint amnesty tribunal to receive, examine and determine cases which are covered by this amnesty proclamation.
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Ch.6.(12) war wounded, widows, orphans and other war victims shall be rehabilitated with assistance from national, regional and intl humanitarian agencies.
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Chapter 3.a.2. freedom fo religion guaranteed. 6. Sharia and custom as basis of all legislation; e.3. bill of rights and freedoms to be enshrined in the constitution; c. sets outs fundamental rights and freedoms, incl (e.13) all other basic rights and freedoms recognised and guaranteed under intl covenants and protocols ratified by the govt of Sudan
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Not Applicable
Refugees/Land :
Chapter 4.3.a. Coordinating Council to assist in repatriate, resettle and rehabilitate the displaced and the returnees
Civil Society :
Ch.3.e.1. Participatory democracy shall be realised through congresses and national convention or conference. In promotion of PD, the congresses and national convention shall be organised: a.to accommodate forums for all citizens, b. to discourage all forms of intolerance and totalitarianism. Chapter 5. functions of the Coordinating Committee 6. encourage establishment and supervision of NGOs in South Sudan in co-ordination with the Federal organs concerned. Chapter 7.(7) OAU, Arab League, UN, Religious bodies, IGAD, national and foreign NGOs and other countries are invited to observe the referendum.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Chapter 3. wealth powers of the federal govt: 1. to lay down comprehensive economic and social plan to develop the country, in particular to bridge the gap between the various states, 2.d. to establish dev projects to promote peace amongst the peoples of Sudan
Enforcement Mechanism :
Chapter 4. Coordinating Council to be established to solicit funds from national, regional, and intl bodies and institutions for implementation of the Peace Agmt. Chapter 5 the Coordinating Council to be responsible for coordination, supervision, socio-economic planning, confidence building, peace nurturing, policy as well as political mobilization, and the general supervision of the agmt. Ch.6. during the interim period, (7) a joint technical military ceasefire commission shall be established to monitor ceasefire violations and the disengagement of troops in Southern States (annex 1). Ch.6 (10) a joint amnesty commission to follow up the implementation, and (11) a joint amnesty tribunal to receive, examine and determine cases which are covered by this amnesty proclamation. Chapter 7.(7) OAU, Arab League, UN, Religious bodies, IGAD, national and foreign NGOs and other countries are invited to observe the referendum.
International Community :
Chapter 7.(7) OAU, Arab League, UN, Religious bodies, IGAD, national and foreign NGOs and other countries are invited to observe the referendum.
UN Involvement :
Chapter 7.(7) UN invited to observe the referendum.
Source :
INCORE


Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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