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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium ('The Erdut Agreement')
Record 569

Country :

Croatia

Agreement Title/Name:
Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium ('The Erdut Agreement')
Year :
1995
Date Signed :

12 November 1995

Summary :

. Signed by Serbs and Croatian government, it built on earlier basic principles (see Chapter Four). Provided for a transitional period with a Transitional Administration. UN SC to be requested to authorise an international force to assist in implementation. This force to assist in right of refugees and displaced persons to return and receive back property and compensation. At end of transitional period, elections to take place. Serbian community to have a joint Council of municipalities. Agreement requesting UN SC to establish transitional administration (TA) for 12 months and to authorize intl peacekeeping force; agreement to enter into force upon adoption by SC


Parties :
Croation Govt, Serb Negotiating Delegation
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Article 12 no less than 30 days before end of transitional period, elections for all local govt bodies incl. municipalities, districts, and counties, as well as the rights of the Serbian community to appoint a joint Council of municipalities
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Not Applicable
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Article 6 'The highest levels of internationally-recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms shall be respected in the Region.'; Article 10 after the transition, the intl community will monitor HR on a long-term basis; Article 11 requests interested countries and orgs to establish commission to monitor implementation, esp. HR and civil rights provisions
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Artciel 5 TA to establish and train temporary police force
Refugees/Land :
Articles 4 & 7 TA to ensure safe return of refugees and IDPs; Article 8 right of land return of compensation to the dispossessed, and property (article 9)
Civil Society :
11. In addition, interested countries and organizations are requested to establish a commission, which will be authorized to monitor the implementation of this Agreement, particularly its human rights and civil rights provisions, to investigate all allegations of violations of this Agreement, and to make appropriate recommendations.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
UN SC requested to establish Transitional Administration to govern the administration for 12 months (Article 2) and peacekeeping force (article 3); Article 12 Intl orgs and institutions (e.g. OSCE, UN) requested to oversee elections; Article 11 requests interested countries and orgs to establish commission to monitor implementation, esp. HR and civil rights provisions; Article 13 authorises intl monitors along intl borders
International Community :
Croatia, intl comm: Article 10 interested countries and orgs are requested to take appropriate steps to support implementation of the agreement, after the transition, the intl community will monitor HR on a long-term basis; Article 12 Intl orgs and institutions (e.g. OSCE, UN) and interested states are requested to oversee elections; Article 13 authorises intl monitors along intl borders
UN Involvement :
Croatia UN: UN (Mediator Thorvald Stoltenber) witness; UN SC requested to establish Transitional Administration to govern the administration for 12 months (Article 2) and peacekeeping force (article 3); Article 12 Intl orgs and institutions (e.g. OSCE, UN) requested to oversee elections
Source :
USIP


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