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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
Database - Record for : The Managua Protocol on Disarmament
Record 584

Country :


Agreement Title/Name:
The Managua Protocol on Disarmament
Year :
Date Signed :

30 May 1990

Summary :

Agmt detailing demobilization and reintegration of Nicaraguan resistance forces and treatment of their families to certain designted 'development' areas; Govt undertaking to appoint reps of the demobilized combatants to the relevant Ministries and to allow them to participate in local government. Provides for possibility of the resistance to become a political party.

Parties :
President of the Republic, Resistance Forces
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Not Applicable
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Not Applicable
Past Mechanism :
Not Applicable
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
1.(d) the resistance is urged to submit immediately a list of widows and orphans, so that the Nicaraguan Social Security and Welfare institute can include them in its budget and they can receive the monthly pensions to which they are entitled.
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
4. the govt undertakes to set up a police force for internal order in the 'development areas' to which resistance forces and their families are demobilized, with members of the resistance to participate. The police force to come under the organizational structure of the Ministry of the Interior. The UN to be asked to assist in training the force.
Refugees/Land :
Not Applicable
Civil Society :
His Eminence Cardinal Obando y Bravo signatory to agreement and to be member of Commission to ensure that the demobilized and their families are living in suitable conditions.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Not Applicable
Enforcement Mechanism :
1.(c) a comission comprising members from the govt, the Nicaraguan resistance, the UN intl Support and Verification Commission (CIAV) and Cardinal Obando y Bravo shall be established to travel to Honduras and Costa Rica in order to make a thorough investigation of the living conditions of the families of the resistance combatants and take emergency measures to solve any problems that come to light.
International Community :
UN Involvement :
1.(d) UN to participate in Commission to ensure that the demobilized and their families are living in suitable conditions. 4. UN to be asked to assist in training local police force of demobilized resistance fighters. 5.(a) the mandate of the ONUCA is to be enlarged.
Source :
UN Peacemaker

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