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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.  
 
Database - Record for : Townsville Peace Agreement
Record 80

Country :

Solomon Islands

Agreement Title/Name:
Townsville Peace Agreement
Year :
2000
Date Signed :

15 October 2000

Summary :

AN AGREEMENT for the cessation of hostilities between the Malaita Eagle Force and the Isatabu Freedom Movement


Parties :
Malaita Eagle Force, Isatabu Freedom Movement, Solomon Islands Govt, Malaita Provincial Govt, Guadalcanal Provincial Govt
Third Parties :
Statehood/Identity :
Part 4. Political and Socio-economic Issues. (a) Malaita and Guadalcanal Provinces shall be given more autonomy by devolution or by constitutional amendment to effect self-governing status in order to allow the people of Malaita and Guadalcanal to look after their own affairs. (b) the SIG to establish a Constitutional Council to rewrite the Constitution which will provide for more autonomy to provinces, taking into account such recommendations as may be made by the committees currently reviewing the provincial govt system and also noting the exclusive powers of Parl to leglislate on such matters.
Governance/Democratic Inst :
Not Applicable
Women :
Not Applicable
Amnesty :
Part Two. National Security and War Claims [3] Amnesty (1) Weapons Amnesty, anyone handing over weapons to be granted immunity in respect of stealing or possession of that weapon. (2) General Amnesty members, leaders, and other civilian advisors of MEF, IFM, and any police, or prison officers in who participated in military operations during the course of the ethnic crisis up until date of this agmt shall be granted amnesty or immunity in respect of criminal acts done (and gives list). (3) Members of MEF, IFM, the officers and their associates and advisers shall be granted immunity and amnesty against civil liabilities and disciplinary actions in connection with the armed conflict on Guadalcanal. (7) provides timetable for surrender of weapons.
Past Mechanism :
Part Five. Reconciliation. [1] Face-to-face dialogue: parties to the conflict shall involve themselves in face-to-face dialogue at community, village, family, individual and organizational levels. Following reconciliation ceremonies, there shall be public display of forgiveness and confession to be organized by the SIG. [2] Peace and Reconciliation Committee to be established.
Prisoner Release :
Not Applicable
Victims :
Part Three Loss of Lives and Property [1] (a) within 90 days from the date of execution of the agmt both the IFM and MEF shall located, identify and allow remains of any persons known to be killed during the course of the crisis to be retrieved by their relatives. (b) custom means of reconciliation and compensation may be agreed to between concerned persons and communities in connection with killing of persons during the course of the crisis. [2] claims for lost and damaged property.
Criminal Justice Reform :
Not Applicable
National Human Rights Inst :
Not Applicable
Human Rights Framework :
Not Applicable
Judicial Reform :
Not Applicable
Policing :
Part Two. National Security and War Claims [2] Restructure of the Police Force, The SIG undertakes to continue the process of restructuring the Police Force as proposed by the recent Police Strategic Review, taking into account the need fo fair or equal provincial representation in the National Police Force. Annex 2. Intl Peace Monitoring Team- conduct police training and advise on related organization and human resource matters.
Refugees/Land :
Part 4. Political and Socio-economic Issues. [3] Land and Property Claims. SIG to appoint Commission of Inquiry to inquire into acquisition of land on Guadalcanal by non-Guadalcanal persons with a view to making findings and recommendations on the validity of land transactions prior to Oct 1998. Until the Commission reports, land previously acquired and occupied by non-Guadalcanal persons shall not be occupied, developed, sold or disposed of. Matters of land occupation and title may come within the jurisdiction of the province or state in which land is situated. Upon establishing jurisdiction over land by Guadalcanal provincial or state govt, a fair and just process will be established to assess the legality of claims over land. Until this legislative power is approved by Parl, a moratorium on all transactions concerning Guadalcanal land shall be in place to maintain the peace.
Civil Society :
Part Two. National Security and War Claims [5] accreditd NGOs to provide counselling services for returning soldiers as well as for their families and close associates.
Dev& Socio-Economic Rights :
Part 4. Political and Socio-economic Issues. [2] Financial and Economic Assistance, SIG to provide appropriate development assistance to the MPG in recognition of forced influx of 20,000 people; MOU to follow in respect of development incentives for the 2 provinces. [4] the SIG shall immediately take steps to improve the capacity of health and educational services in Malaita and Guadalcanal provinces.
Enforcement Mechanism :
Part Six. Peace Monitoring. [1] establishes Peace Monitoring Council, to monitor, report on and enforce terms of this agmt; members to be appointed after consultation with parties and may include reps of states participating in peace monitoring. [4] ASAP Intl Peace Monitoring Team to be engaged in be engaged to assist PMC. Part Seven. Implementation and Costs. [2] Consultations, provides for parties to notify each other if difficulty in implementing agmt, and provision for renegotiation through Peace Monitoring Council. Annex 1. Terms of Reference of Peace Monitoring Council. Annex 2. Intl Peace Monitoring Team- mandate and terms of reference. To monitor, observe and report on acts that constitute crimes and breaches of HR, conduct police training and advise on related organization and human resource matters, to report objectively to all parties hereto, to the Peace Monitoring Council, to participating sponsoring states and to the public. Parties hereby request the SIG to advise Australia, New Zealand, and the UN to encourage regional nations to participate and assist in implementation of this agmt.
International Community :
Annex 2. Intl Peace Monitoring Team- mandate and terms of reference. To monitor, observe and report on acts that constitute crimes and breaches of HR, conduct police training and advise on related organization and human resource matters, to report objectively to all parties hereto, to the Peace Monitoring Council, to participating sponsoring states and to the public. Parties hereby request the SIG to advise Australia, New Zealand, and the UN to encourage regional nations to participate and assist in implementation of this agmt.
UN Involvement :
Annex 2, UN requested to support intl peacekeeping mission
Source :
http://www.commerce.gov.sb/Gov/Peace_Agreement.htm


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